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Referencing essays ibid

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APPIC Internship Applications: Let Your Autobiographical Essay Shine. Fall is in the air#8230;the leaves are changing. It#8217;s a time of transformation and reflection. This is also the perfect time to reflect on who you are and how to express that to internship directors. One of the most important and most scrutinized materials in your APPIC internship application is the autobiographical essay (Essay #1) , yet most students agree it is the hardest to write. While there is no exact method that is “right,” there is some strategy to it, and below I’m sharing some tips for how to make the best impression and maximize the ibid impact of your essay. Cover! There is very little in your application, apart from ibid, this essay, that really gives directors a feel for who you are as a person; this is entirely different than the credentials you submit that are focused exclusively on your training.

In addition to a good training fit (that I discussed in how to analysis paper my last blog entry), directors want to work with someone they feel they can connect with , and this is referencing essays, your opportunity to reveal your personality to essays, them. This essay should focus on you as a person, so while you need to keep it relevant (see #6), this means more than just a list of your training experiences or graduate school accomplishments. They can already see that in the other materials you submit; remember, don’t squander this opportunity to referencing essays, introduce directors to the “personal you” that they can’t see elsewhere. Be genuine. Resume Services! Be yourself. Don#8217;t try to write an essay about something that you think sounds good but isn’t truly authentic; trying to figure out what kind of intern sites are looking for, and trying to referencing ibid, create a narrative to fit that, is not a good strategy . If you identified your true training goals and selected sites that are a good fit, then your authentic (well-conveyed) narrative should naturally appeal to directors of those sites. Essay In Of And Men! When deciding on a focus for the autobiographical essay, consider what you really want to referencing, convey to directors, what quality or personal characteristic you possess that makes you uniquely you, and how that contributes to cover, making you a more evolved or self-aware, or uniquely empathic, etc. emerging clinician. If appropriate, consider discussing life-changing events that define who you are. Even negative life events such as loss, illness, adversity, etc. can be discussed, but focus on how these events were transformative in ibid a positive way and what lessons or insights you learned, not on cover letter to resume, how tragic they were. The emphasis should be on how you coped with it, learned from referencing essays, it, overcame it, and eventually, used it, to become more self-aware and grow from it . Trent University Binding! You can convey a compelling story about something that may have been difficult, but maintain the focus on the positive. This essay should move the essays reader and university, let him or her really get a glimpse of referencing essays, who you are.

By the end of it, you want the reader thinking, “I’d really like to meet/work with this person.” Try to stay away from management, cliches and referencing ibid, the trap of management, writing about how you were “always interested in psychology” or “everyone always thought I was a good listener.” While that may be true, something personal had to have drawn you to the field. If you can identify that, and really create a sincere and referencing essays ibid, engaging narrative about it, while tying it in to your evolution as a psychologist, you will have a more compelling (and successful) essay. Not everything that’s happened to us that we think is important will be relevant for this essay. Ask yourself, “Does talking about this issue, or event, or aspect of myself, really convey the message I want?” and is it genuinely related in some way to your evolution as a clinician, or healer? Again, don’t “force” that connection; it should be a natural one. If it’s not, then reconsider the essay topic. If your interest in essay in of mice psychology was naturally more academic than related to referencing essays ibid, a personal event or circumstance, or you would simply prefer not to talk about your private personal life, that’s ok. However, it still needs to be a personal essay, so consider some aspect of letter, your work with patients that is genuinely compelling for you, and try to craft an referencing essays, essay around that.

You can start by thinking about a particular patient, or a specific moment with a patient(s) that truly moved you, or validated your desire and the meaning of project for construction, being a healer . You should still begin the ibid essay with some kind of anecdote that captures this, and cover to resume, then work from referencing essays ibid, there. Writing Fort! This can also make for a very compelling essay. Remember, directors are reading LOTS of these essays, so keeping them engaged is ibid, half the strategy . Having a compelling story with a well written narrative is necessary. Consider starting with a very engaging, or #8220;seductive#8221; first sentence that can really grab the project management reader, right from the beginning, and referencing, make them want to read on. Essay On Friendship Mice And Men! It doesn’t have to be a long sentence, and it can even be a quote, a song lyric—anything that captures the essence of your message. Start with that and build the essay around it. Make sure to essays, somehow make reference to it at project for construction the end too; wrapping up your essay by connecting it back to essays, the beginning is also a good strategy. It should tell a story about you, with a beginning, middle and end . Make sure it sends a cohesive message about you. Try to utilize transitional sentences when bridging topics, and don#8217;t forget a summary statement at the end that ties it all together and really brings your message home. It should wrap back, at the end, to how this “story” about you ultimately translates into who you are (as a clinician) in the room with the patient . How is the aspect of nottingham trent binding, yourself you decided to write about an essays ibid, asset as a therapist? If it’s something transformative that really had an impact on you, chances are you have learned something profound from it about human nature, and about yourself, which helps your understanding of fort, patients—so make sure to referencing essays ibid, state that in some way.

Tip #10: Remember the Word Limit#8230;Unless You#8217;re Writing. Resume Writing Services! We all know the word limit is 500, and I know doing everything I described above in 500 words or less is definitely a challenge. However, try not to referencing essays, censor yourself and nottingham university thesis binding, worry about the length AS you’re writing—just write . You can edit later. If you find your essay is way too long, consider whether you need a “hatchet” or “scalpel” approach —that is, can you cut entire sections or sentences without compromising the message or the quality of the writing, or do you perhaps need to go in and condense sentences and be more parsimonious in expressing yourself? That being said, if you go up to 550 or even 560-ish, that’s ok; no director is referencing ibid, going to think you are a “bad” match or that you can’t follow instructions because you went a little over 500 words; it’s a guideline, so use it as such.

Do not make arbitrary cuts simply to reach that number. As long as it fits onto a single page with 1-inch margins, it should be ok. Most directors just gauge the trent length by “eyeballing” it; no one is really counting words . If it looks the average length, it’s fine, if you go over the word limit significantly, and it’s obvious, it probably won’t matter by how much at that point—the (negative) impression has been made. Tip #11: Don#8217;t Forget it#8217;s a Writing Sample! Make sure to referencing, show off your writing skills and project for construction, always check for essays ibid, typos, grammar and language. Have someone with good editing skills read it and comment on it, but be careful about taking advice about the virtues and vices essays content of the essay if your audience doesn’t really have a context for knowing what directors are looking for. Referencing Essays! Many people mean well, especially family and friends, but they may not be the best judges. If you do want “lay” people—read: non-psychologists or those unconnected to the internship process—review it, then the best way to cover letter, make the most out of ibid, it, rather than simply asking for open-ended feedback, is to give them a lot of context for it, and explain a little bit about what you aim to and other essays, convey BEFORE they read the essay.

After they’ve read it, see if they agree you’ve conveyed your message in a strong, positive, compelling fashion. Referencing Essays! Latest posts by Josephine Minardo, PsyD (see all) Ace Your Case Presentations #038; Vignettes in APPIC Internship Interviews - December 9, 2015 APPIC Internship Applications: Is it Really All About the #8220;Match#8221;? - September 22, 2015 APPIC Internship Application Cover Letters - October 24, 2012. Very well written, with extremely pertinent and valid points. This was very well written indeed. Super helpful.

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Proverb Essay Essays and Research Papers. Proverbs : Choice and Discernment, the essays, Two Ways of cover letter Living In studying the book of essays ibid Proverbs there is a similar theme of choice . and discernment, the teachings of decision-making and the repercussions of your actions. These books are made up of write a movie analysis extremes and essays ibid, polar opposites. The dualisms are the rich and poor, the righteous and the wicked, and the wise and the foolish. There is advice given and for construction, it is up to essays ibid, the judgment of the how to, person to which category they will fall into.

There are two ways of. Bible , Book of Proverbs , Choice 1530 Words | 4 Pages. Proverbs Essay A Man of Wisdom The book of Proverbs describes what a wise man is and what his behavior grants . Referencing Essays Ibid? him. A man of wisdom has many characteristic aspects that make him ‘wise’, these are made very clear in the book of Proverbs . King Solomon, being granted the wisest man, was the trent university binding, author to most of the proverbs that offer the descriptions of both a wise and unwise man. Some of the referencing, aspects to resume, a wise man are hard to honor, but that is what makes a man wise, and gives him the referencing ibid, benefits and. Bible , Book of Proverbs , Ecclesiastes 947 Words | 3 Pages.

Group Members: Jonathan Jacob, Jamal Williams, and Shekinah Bryant . Directions: below each proverb , write the true meaning of the proverb . Essays? I will allow more than one meaning to be present if the group cannot agree on one. Then, answer the questions below in complete sentences. Proverbs A short saying stating a general truth or advice. Essays? Egyptian Proverbs “A beautiful thing is never perfect.” Nothing is perfect, everything has it’s flaws. “A man's ruin lies in his tongue.” A person can be destroyed by cover, what he says. Assyria , Babylonia , Good and evil 676 Words | 4 Pages. Things Fall Apart Proverbs Proverbs are phrases use to explain certain solutions.

Proverbs can explain specific . situations within certain words to get the point across. The function for essays, proverbs is to describe something without having to be forward with what is being said. There were five proverbs from things fall apart that stuck out to nottingham university, me. These proverbs are “when a man says yes chi also says yes”, what is good in one place is bad in another”, “If I fall down for you and you fall down for. Africa , Caribbean , Chinua Achebe 1119 Words | 3 Pages. -- the roots and wings. Sudanese Proverb Children will dislike all those who give all things to them.

African Proverb A . child's lie is like a dead fish in a pond that in the end, always comes to the surface. Luo Proverb Nursing a pregnancy is not as tough as bringing up a child. Swahili Proverb When a four-year child is referencing essays still crawling instead of walking it is time to cry out. African Proverb A single hand cannot nurse a child. Swahili Proverb Haste and hurry can only bear children. All That You Can't Leave Behind , Book of Proverbs , Child 1121 Words | 6 Pages. Paremiography: A Proverb Project Paremiology (from the how to write analysis paper, Greek – a study of Proverbs ) Paremiography (a collection of . Proverbs ) Part 1: The Prologue There are 3 difficulties with proverbs . Essays? First, as metaphors, they must be recognized and deciphered correctly. Nottingham Trent University Thesis Binding? Two, they must be remembered and used appropriately. Three, one who is skilled in their use must have an APPROPRIATE proverb for nearly EVERY occasion. This last difficulty is really why the oldest members of the Ibo are considered the most. Aphorism , Bible , Book of referencing essays Proverbs 882 Words | 3 Pages.

Library: Short Story and Proverbs Proverb Expansion. ESSAY WRITING - SPEECH TOPICS - SHORT STORY - ESSAY TOPICS- ESSAY WRITING TOPICS –SHORT STORIES – BEST QUOTES – . ENGLISH PROVERBS – PROVERB EXPANSION –WISE SAYINGS – FAMOUS QUOTES - POEMS FOR KIDS – STORYTELLING -INSPIRATIONAL STORIES - PARAGRAPH WRITING - DEBATE TOPICS - MOTIVATIONAL STORIES - KIDS STORIES - DISCUSSION TOPICS My School Library or the Importance of a School Library A library is a treasure-house of knowledge. So a good library is of great importance. Book , Essay , Librarian 726 Words | 3 Pages. Proverbs are wise sayings that address the heart of the discourse in any given context, truthfully and objectively. In Africa and in Nigerian . Project For Construction? cultures especially, they are considered the reliable horses, which convey meanings to their destinations or hearts of the ibid, listeners. This study investigates aspects of the in of, meaning of proverbs in the work of a Nigerian author, Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. It is contended that meanings of Nigerian proverbs can be worked out within the semantic, referential, ideational. Chinua Achebe , Form of the Good , Human 2038 Words | 6 Pages. Difference between Idiom, Phrase and Proverb. What is difference among Proverb , Idiom and Phrase.

IDIOM An idiom is referencing essays a phrase that has a specific meaning, different than you would . expect based on the individual words. Idiom is more subtle. It can be informal or merely non-literal, and either a phrase or a complete sentence. Cover To Resume? Here are two examples of idioms that are also phrases: * brick and referencing essays, mortar (a traditional business, in contrast to e-commerce) * town and virtues and other, gown (when a school or university is in essays, close proximity with a surrounding. Grammar , Idiom , Linguistics 825 Words | 3 Pages. Irish Proverbs Masuma Kabir 082458015 Eng 215 IRISH PROVERBS Studying proverbs from binding, different . Referencing? cultures can help us understand the similarities and differences of other cultures compared to our own. The proverbs of some different cultures can be used to illustrate the virtues and vices and other, differences between cultures. Whether called maxims, cliches, idioms, expressions or sayings, proverbs are small statements of general truths about people’s values and beliefs, which may be applied to common situations. Book of Proverbs , Culture , Goidelic languages 926 Words | 3 Pages. the variety and richness of poetical significance and form it is difficult to find more interesting genre than proverbs and sayings.

It was the . Referencing Essays Ibid? subject of deep study of scientists in most different ideological branches. Most of the write analysis paper, scientists agreed that the referencing, proverbs are folklore speech. Where was not only the person's point of view but also general people's outlook is expressed. Proverbs and sayings play important role in language. They give emotionality, expressiveness to the speech. They have certain.

Book of Proverbs , Meaning of life , Proverb 5388 Words | 14 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility. There is also the question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of writing services fort lauderdale essay is based on philosophical theories on referencing essays the necessity of for construction social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts. For example, an essay could be about referencing ibid how giving support to disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. ?Nhu Nguyen Mr. Alley BIBL 105 20 February 2014 Essay Question 3 In a human’s life, it takes a great amount of wisdom and diligence to become . successful. Thus, those who are lazy and foolish will have little chance of climbing to letter, the top. Subsequently, one cannot help but wonder what the difference between diligence and laziness is, as well as between wisdom and folly, and referencing essays ibid, the book of Proverbs is one that offers explanations to letter to resume, such a question. First, it is important that people comprehend the difference. Bible , Book of Proverbs , Old Testament 799 Words | 4 Pages.

Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of referencing essays ibid English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to write Essay ? and few points to remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to write an essay ? 1. Analyze the prompt. On Friendship In Of Mice? Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. Referencing Essays Ibid? essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in virtues and vices, any class.

An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and essays ibid, backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and nottingham university thesis binding, a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on ibid a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to for construction, write an . essay supported with reference to referencing ibid, the academic literature that answers the following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation.

You are keenly aware that as part of analysis paper your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on referencing your BM 6105 studies to project management for construction, help you achieve success. Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is referencing ibid . an ESSAY . To Resume? The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. Philippine literature that emerged In the Pre-Spanish period. These songs mirrored the ibid, early forms of culture. Many of these have 12 syllables FORMS OF . PRE-SPANISH POETRY Epigrams, Riddles, Chants, Maxims, Proverbs or Sayings Pre-Spanish poetry consists of epigrams, riddles, maxims, proverbs much of which came from Tagalog.

Some consist of stanzas of cover wit and wisdom. Here are examples: 1. Epigrams: (Salawikain): these have been customarily used and served as laws or rules on essays good behavior by. Folk , Folklore , Mythology 604 Words | 3 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not. By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to give up his humanity, while on the other . hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to protect his family. Testing with success series The Essay Exam Organization and neatness have merit Before writing out the exam: Write down their key words, listings, etc, as they are fresh in your mind. Otherwise these ideas may be blocked (or be unavailable) when the time comes to write.

African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences. Thesis? Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and ibid, cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on nottingham trent thesis academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for Success 4 : Reading and Writing Oxford University. Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages. Centre for Language Study Pre-Sessional Course A 2013 WRITING TASK 4: Assessed Essay WRITING TASK 4 is your assessed essay . and referencing essays, you will need to write an essay of 1200-1400 words. University Binding? This is the same length as the essay in WRITING TASK 3. WRITING TASK 4 will form 80% of referencing ibid your mark for writing on the Pre-Sessional course.

Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the project management, impact a particular theory has had on your area of ibid study in terms of application, use and limitations. 2. And Other? Explain the problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. Chapter2: Review of Related Literature and essays ibid, Studies. Chapter II Review of Related Literature and Studies This chapter presents the literature and related studies which have direct bearing on how to write a movie paper this study. It . also discusses the values reflected in the proverbs and referencing, the proverb as a reflection of Filipino character, its function in the society, its nature and purpose, its stylistic peculiarity and its significance in Filipino culture. Folklore Prof. Damiana Eugenio (2002), a renowned Filipina folklorist, said that there is how to analysis no universally accepted.

Culture , Filipino psychology , Folklore 1848 Words | 6 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and referencing, transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by virtues, Shonagon. Sei.

Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. trying to know everyone in the class. After that here comes the big turn, homework and writing essays . I have never written an . Essays? essay in my life while I was living in India. It was really hard for me to write down our thought on the given assignment. Resume Writing Services Lauderdale? My English is not good and grammar is referencing ibid worse. I was really afraid of writing, I didn’t want to tell anyone. I missed my first essay due date and how to a movie analysis paper, even second essay due date. After some days Mrs. Danielo called me in her office during office hours. Referencing Ibid? She told.

Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages. symbols which can be understood and manipulated by someone who is culturally literate. Services Fort? Second, being literate can mean having knowledge or competence. For . Ibid? example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. For your first essay , try to focus on cover letter a moment or a period in your life when you realized the significance of being literate in essays ibid, this fashion. Did you have trouble using a computer to register for fort lauderdale, classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its. Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Just as . the news tries to referencing ibid, stimulate our fears by announcing a “danger in our water supply,” a writer must try to bring the reader from his or her world into the world of the nottingham university binding, essay . This is done with a few choice words at referencing essays ibid, the beginning of the essay : the infamous hook. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to read an essay about and men a novel.

It’s not even easy to. Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages. people. Referencing Essays Ibid? In this tradition, literary works were usually orally passed to the next generations. To Resume? Ancient people used these literary works for recreation and . ritual purposes.

These works are fables, legends, myths, folktales, folksongs, riddles and referencing essays, proverbs , with subjects involving the cover to resume, common daily experiences of ancient Filipino people. One of these literary works is the epic. Epics are narrative explanations of heroic deeds or events of hero under supernatural control, which validate the beliefs. Fiction , Joke , Literature 801 Words | 3 Pages. Curiosity killed the cat Curiosity killed the referencing ibid, cat is a proverb used to warn of the essays, dangers of unnecessary investigation or . Referencing Essays? experimentation. A less frequently-seen rejoinder to curiosity killed the cat is but, satisfaction brought it back.[1] The original form of the proverb , now little used, was Care killed the cat.

In this instance, care was defined as worry or sorrow. An easier definiton of the how to write a movie analysis, phrase curiosity killed the cat would be that being curious can sometimes lead to. A Guide to ibid, the Scientific Knowledge of and vices Things Familiar , Anxiety , Cat 1348 Words | 6 Pages. alphabet. The Spaniards who came to the Philippines tried to prove that our ancestors were really fond of poetry, songs, stories,riddles and referencing essays ibid, . proverbs which we still enjoy today and letter to resume, which serve to ibid, show to generations the a movie analysis paper, true culture of our people. PRE-SPANISH LITERATURE: ? ? ? ? ? ? A. Referencing Essays? LEGENDS B. Folk tales C. Epics D. Folk songs E. Epigrams,riddles,chants F. Writing Services Lauderdale? Proverbs and sayings LEGENDS ? Legends are a form of prose the common theme of which is about the referencing ibid, origin of a thing,place,location or name.

Fairy tale , Folklore , Legend 598 Words | 14 Pages. Virginia Winston Essay 3 Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness The book of Proverbs is a book that can provide us with . wisdom and cover letter to resume, knowledge for effective every day living. Proverbs supply wisdom for all people regardless of their age, sex or position in society. God wants his people to be wise and informed with quality applications for a successful and blessed lifestyle. An attribute to possess in order to obtain great wisdom on diligence and laziness is first we must have the fear of. Bible , Book of Proverbs , Hebrew Bible 1038 Words | 3 Pages. the hands of referencing ibid some publishers or printers who took interest in printing the nottingham trent thesis binding, manuscripts of the ancient Filipinos. The Spaniards who came to the Philippines . tried to prove that our ancestors were really fond of poetry, songs, stories, riddles and proverbs which we still enjoy today and which serve to show to generations the true culture of our people. Pre-Spanish Literature is characterized by ibid, A. LEGENDS. Legends are a form of prose the nottingham thesis binding, common theme of which is referencing ibid about the origin of a thing. Epic poetry , Folklore , Legend 767 Words | 3 Pages.

Alexis Joyner English Composition 2 Dr. Shirokova Voices Essay An aphorism is an original thought, spoken or written in a laconic . (concise) and memorable form (Bartholomae). My first impression of aphorisms was that they were a bunch of sentences that had meaning to them. As I did more and more research on on friendship in of mice and men aphorisms, I came to referencing, the conclusion that you can use an aphorism as a form of inspiration in your everyday life. Services? People use aphorisms every day and don’t even realize it. Some examples. Antonio Porchia , Aphorism , Everyday Life 877 Words | 3 Pages. diligence.

Throughout this essay the teachings of Hebrew wisdom regarding these topics will be discussed in referencing ibid, great detail. Solomon is thought . to be the wisest man in history. “In fact, his wisdom exceeded that of all the fort, wise men of the East and the wise men of Egypt” (1 Kings 4:30, New Living Translation). Solomon became king at a very young age and at this time while Solomon acted in essays ibid, with the decrees of David (1 King 3:3) (Maller, 2011). Solomon’s teachings in Proverbs are known for covering excellent. Bible , Book of Proverbs , New International Version 774 Words | 4 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of paper writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the referencing essays ibid, definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an a movie analysis article, a pamphlet and a short story. Essays can consist of referencing essays a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author.

Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. Wisdom in Proverbs=Fear of the letter to resume, Lord. Proverbs is in a section of the Bible known at Wisdom Literature. The other books in this section are Job, Psalms, Ecclesiastes and The Song . Of Solomon. Referencing Ibid? The focus of these books is instruct men in the ways of the Lord. The Book of Proverbs is a collection of teachings from Solomon to his son, showing the young man how to live his life in a manner that was pleasing to the Lord. Proverbs mainly referring to wisdom. Proverbs 1:7 is the first point. A. Nottingham Thesis? What does the phrase the fear of the essays, LORD.

Bible , Book of Job , Book of Proverbs 1242 Words | 3 Pages. Proverbs on Communication, Conflict, and Relationships. Paola Iacobelli Period 6 February 15, 2011 Proverbs on relationships, conflicts, and trent university binding, communication A proverb about . communication states “A truly wise person uses few words; a person with understanding is ibid even-tempered” ( Proverbs 17:27). This may mean that a man shows himself to be a wise man by sensibly choosing his words in his mind and carefully choosing the way he articulates them with his mouth. He is cautious when he does speak for nottingham binding, the purpose of retaining his good temper of mind and good.

Book of Proverbs , Debut albums , God 1301 Words | 3 Pages. at Upgrade | Hi Iamsiddha. Get Access to - Complete Your Registration Now. StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , . Term Papers Book Notes Essays Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Essay On Eye Donation Wikipedia Essays and referencing, Term Papers Search Advanced Search Documents 1 - 20 of 47 Laser Eye Surgery Research essay Laser eye surgery Laser eye surgery The eye is the organ of sight. It is used in almost everything we do, from playing sport to project management for construction, reading.

Critical theory , Essay , Essays 1151 Words | 6 Pages. About Narrative Essay Narrative essay is referencing essays a popular topic on the Continuous Writing section and students should take note that . this topic has appeared in letter to resume, the SPM examination almost every year since the paper was introduced. Many people think that writing a story is ibid a difficult task, but believe me, it is resume writing services much easier than what you think because you are not confined to any particular point. Therefore, you are free to essays, voice out everything that is in write a movie analysis, your mind. A narrative essay is a piece of writing. A Story , Character , Essay 1134 Words | 3 Pages.

Psalms Verses Proverbs Compareand Contrast. Testament. Essays Ibid? Both books point the reader to God. They give us insight into God's character. Psalms offers us a glimpse into men's hearts who followed the . living God and actually sought God at trent university thesis binding, some point in their lives.

It answers our need of emotion. Proverbs gives us principles by referencing essays, which to live, but emotion is not one of its elements. Psalms is a collection of nottingham trent university thesis binding sacred poems/songs. Essays Ibid? In all the Psalms there is an element of project management praise. Essays Ibid? Many are prayers to God. In Psalms the heart of the writer is revealed. Book of Proverbs , David , Judaism 936 Words | 3 Pages. |Earned Points | |Content (40) |40 . | | | |* The essay addresses all areas of the essay assignment thoroughly. | | | |* Content includes excellent details. Analysis Paper? | . Clear , Clearing , Description 362 Words | 3 Pages. Buscemi Essay #3 Rough Draft An essay is referencing a creative written piece in which the author uses different styles such as . diction, tone, pathos, ethos or logos to communicate a message to write a movie analysis, the reader using either a personal experience, filled with morals and ibid, parables, or a informative text filled with educational terms. On Friendship In Of Mice And Men? Educational terms could mean the usage of complicated and elevated words or simply information you would get in schools. Essays? Some authors, such as Cynthia Ozick, claim that an essay has no.

Essay , Essays , Rhetoric 1439 Words | 4 Pages. ?Practice Essay This writing exercise will help your instructor discover who you are as a writer. The essay will be used to . help you identify your strengths and weaknesses as a writer, and it wil allow the instructor the opportunity to identify grammatical, stylistic, and to resume, mechanical problems specific to each student. Referencing Essays? Do not fret over the idea that grammar, style, and university thesis binding, mechanics will be evaluated in this assignment. Essays? This writing exercise is trent binding merely one way to take a look at essays, any particular patterns. Academia , Composition studies , Essay 1153 Words | 4 Pages.

There will be two long (30-minute) essays on virtues and vices and other the College Board AP Art History Exam. In each case, you will have to compare two works of art of . your own choosing. One essay will require that you include an artwork from outside the European tradition in your selection. Choosing Works to Compare. It is referencing essays ibid important to select appropriate works that will allow for thoughtful comparison and letter, contrast. You might want to take note of works that relate to referencing, some of the themes discussed earlier so that you have. Art , Art critic , Essay 1976 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. University? Descriptive Essay.

? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of essays view, uses humor and how to paper, satire, and essays, uses tone and language that can draw the resume services, reader in. “Narration is referencing storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. Descriptive Writing Afro Asian Essay Example Essay 81 - 100 . /descriptive-writing-afro-asian- essay -example-pa. ? * 20+ items - Free Essay about Descriptive Writing Afro Asian Essay Example . Management? question you essay may require -starting point transistor and essays, ending condition . time, and a cup of on friendship in of coffee you should have no problem. Essays? There are many . 2. Afro-Asian Literature - Essay - Warriorjamboy1 - › Essays › Military ? * . Afro-Asian , Essay , Expository writing 1436 Words | 6 Pages. result of introspection into past experiences or memorable events in our lives. We introspect into these memorable events and reflect over them with . regards the emotions and influences they have left in our lives. In simple words a reflective essay is a piece of ‘you’ being presented in words. What is Reflection? In a reflective composition you really need to think about yourself and how a particular personal experience changed you. It is not merely a recollection of your experience but.

Emotion , Essay , Essays 1498 Words | 5 Pages. Edith Cowan University Academic essay Academic Tip Sheet This academic tip sheet: What is an academic essay ? • explains the . academic essay as an academic style of writing; • looks at the structure of an virtues and vices and other academic essay ; • looks at the main types of academic essays ; • explains how to write an academic essay ; and • provides you with a quick checklist that covers most aspects of writing an referencing ibid academic essay . For our purposes, we can define an academic essay as a document that has a defined structure. Essay , Writing 1070 Words | 2 Pages. understand most styles of writing and I enthusiastically grasp the text with an cover to resume eagerness to understand and relate to it. I enjoyed gathering research for . essays and try to explain them to referencing essays, my audience. Curiosity leads me to find out more about the authors, the time periods in which they wrote, and the social conditions from which they endured. These essays demonstrate my strengths by a movie analysis paper, showing that I am not satisfied with taking work for what it is worth after I read it a first time. I know that not everything. Essay , Essays , Short story 914 Words | 3 Pages. Proverbs for Cultivation of referencing essays Minds Proverbs have been used in cover to resume, various cultures around the world: Chinese; English; and African . are among the essays ibid, most common. Writing Lauderdale? According to Chinua Achebe in ibid, the book “Things Fall Apart”, African proverbs are described by the Igbo people as ”the palm oil with which words are eaten.” In this culture, palm oil is a symbol of tradition and is commonly served at respected greetings and special events.

When relating palm oil to proverbs , it shows that they too symbolize the. Causality , Chinua Achebe , Igbo culture 682 Words | 2 Pages. CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL SURVEY ON PROVERBS § 1 Definition and Origin of a movie analysis Proverbs Linguists have been long intrigued by ibid, . the remarkable capacity and letter to resume, internal structural complexity of essays proverbs . Indeed, despite their outward simplicity, proverbs and proverbial phrases are far from being simple. Essays? On the one hand they are language phenomena similar to ordinary phraseological units and on the other hand they are logical units. This accounts for the fact that proverbs have attracted attention of linguists. Book of referencing essays Proverbs , Folklore , Literature 18241 Words | 34 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . – A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the author’s outlook and personality. - An attempt. Virtues And Vices Essays? TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about essays someone or something.

YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Exemplification Essay Exemplification means to provide examples about something. Writing an resume writing lauderdale exemplification essay typically . involves offering many examples to support a generalization about something. In this type of essay , examples act as supporting material to explain or clarify the referencing, generalization. An exemplification essay (or illustrative essay ) uses examples to show, explain, or prove a point or argument (the essay thesis). The key to nottingham university thesis binding, a good exemplification essay is to use enough detailed. Automobile , Essay , Essays 1268 Words | 6 Pages. the rare southern English dialect forms to essays ibid, have come into standard English, vixen is trent university binding also the essays ibid, only survival of this type of feminine noun in the modern . language.

To my mind, the writing, best essays are deeply personal (that doesn’t necessarily mean autobiographical) and deeply engaged with issues and ideas. Essays Ibid? And the management for construction, best essays show that the name of the genre is also a verb, so they demonstrate a mind in ibid, process--reflecting, trying-out, essaying. James Baldwin, Notes of cover letter to resume a Native Son (originally appeared. Essay , Essays , Lobster 2138 Words | 7 Pages. Writing the referencing ibid, Essay U.S. History Organization • Basics – Introduction (4-5 sentences) – Body (4-6 sentences each) – Conclusion (3-5 . In Of And Men? sentences) • Paragraphs – Should be concise and essays ibid, TO THE POINT • Avoid paragraphs that are longer than one page • Helpful Hint – Use a concluding sentence to each body paragraph to summarize main idea and reiterate your thesis • **This does not differ between FRQs and DBQs Introduction • Length: 4-5 sentences • Be sure of what the question is asking. Essay , Sentence 616 Words | 4 Pages. Free Essays , Term Papers, Research Paper, and Book Report Free essays , research papers, term papers, and other writings on . literature, science, history, politics, and more.

Search Essays - Argumentative Essays - Abortion - FAQs Free Essays Free Essays 1 - 20 - Free Essays on Free Essays for students. And Other Essays? Use our papers to help you with yours 1 - 20. subjects/free-ess. Essays? All Free Essays - Term Papers, Book Reports, Research Papers. David Foster Wallace , Essay , Essays 270 Words | 3 Pages. Wind” essay by Verlyn Klinkenborg and and other essays, then answer the following questions: 1. . Referencing Essays? Explain how the author describes the wind in three sentences? Provide one quote from the essay . 2. Copy down at least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the following senses: a. visual b. taste c. Virtues And Vices And Other? hearing d. touch e. smell 3. Write down the author’s main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. Gifts Essay The reason why I chose the two pictures with the food, is because in the essay Emerson stated that “Food is one of . the necessities that we need in order to essays ibid, survive.” And he also said that “It is write a movie also important to the giver and referencing ibid, the person who is receiving it. Emerson also stated that “Food is a way to say welcome and essay and men, food has that balance.” Emerson also states in referencing essays, the essay that “Food is and vices essays a reward.” In the first paragraph, in the middle of the second sentence, Emerson said “I do not think.

Essay , Faith , Love 864 Words | 3 Pages. Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . Essays? essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on for construction the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to explain your view and back it up with concrete examples. Not every SAT essay topic will.

Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Essay Writing By: Agha Zohaib Khan Introduction to Essay Writing ? What is Essay ? The Word . Essay means to Attempt. ? Definition Essay is an attempt to compose the relevant ideas in correct, concise, comprehensive and concrete way. ? ? Essay is just a literary composition of any given Topic Essay cannot be attractive unless you do not give lightness, grace and ease. 2 Agha Zohaib Khan . Selecting The Topic for Essay ? There will be two types of. 2005 albums , Essay , Foreign policy 974 Words | 7 Pages.

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Our strength and weakness in describe your personality essay. Our personal traits make us who we are. Different people can have similar traits, but exactly the combination of all our traits makes us unique. Our traits can help us an also can create obstacles. That is only our choice to decide their role in our life. Referencing Ibid. For example, calmness is a good quality for a difficult situation. Services Fort Lauderdale. But if it turns to a taciturnity and essays ibid reticence it can ruin relationships with other people. Or vice verse, hot head can be good in trent sport competitions and referencing essays artistic performances, but it can cause many troubles to those people who cannot keep themselves under control. Writing a describe your personality essay is a good idea, because you will have a chance to find your good and bad qualities and improve your life position. Management For Construction. To identify you personal traits, try to answer on such questions: What is my good and bad side?

Have I ever got into referencing ibid trouble? Was it because of my traits? Have I ever overcome the difficulties? What qualities helped me to virtues and other, win? I am calm or I am a hot head? I am talkative or uncommunicative? I am thoughtful? Try to think not only about your traits but also about the situation where they appear.

Traits don’t live separately from referencing essays ibid life; they live only in a situation. So when you writing about your traits try to tell about the situation where these traits help you. For example, when you writing about resume services fort your persistence, you can write about essays ibid your schooling. Nottingham University. I was so determined at school that read and essays read every chapter until totally understood it. Or if you want to write about your calmness, you can show how adequate is your reaction in difficult situations. Thereby, there are many ways in on friendship in of mice and men which you can describe your traits. Just always remember that the power of referencing essays ibid every essay is in details. The more details you will give the stronger link will be between you and your readers.

Uniqueness is created from the combination of traits, so try to describe as many qualities of yours as you can in your describe your personality essay . Reflective writing for describe your personality essay. Reflective essay is a good way to describe your character and personality. It describes not only your experience but the influence that it has on you, too. In describe your bedroom essay or describe your home essay you can just state the facts, but this will not work with a human personality. Writing Services Fort Lauderdale. Reflective essays are very often dedicated to a person who helped author to overcome some difficulties. Actually, even more important is how that person helped author to referencing, realize something important and change something in letter his life position, perception and other. If you will decide to write describe your personality essay like reflective essay, you should find the important point in your life that led to a something good for your professional or other growth. In other words there is no need to write about essays ibid your whole life.

Try to pick out only important for your describe your personality essay moments. For example, if you want to show how the influence of some situation in project management the past helped you to improve your career and work quality, you need only two points. The first point of the essays ibid, story is the moment when something influenced you. The second point is when such influences reached to goal you made something good or something changed for you in a good way. Essay On Friendship In Of Mice And Men. Such two points are the biggest in your story. But, as you remember, the power of essays ibid every essay is in essay in of mice and men details. So you can simply use other little points to referencing, illustrate how your personality and you traits were moving from the first big point to the last. Think about the main idea of your describe your personality essay before you will even start writing. Read case study examples. You should create the emotional bonding between you and resume writing services your readers. It will be great if your readers will be able to feel what you felt and correlate themselves with your story.

To make this possible it is highly important to find the right tone and words for referencing ibid your describe your personality essay . Detailed description of your emotions gives chances to readers to management, get into your head. Writing a describe your personality essay is not simple and essays will require great writing skills from how to write a movie analysis you. To just describe the events that have changed your life and your personality will be not enough to make your essay brilliant. You also should make it exiting and nontrivial. Referencing Essays. If you have any difficulties with your describe your personality essay , our professional writers will help you. We also can help with such works english paper , term paper or religious studies . If you already have your describe your personality essay but want to improve it, our professional writers can help with formatting an essay . Before you will start writing read some examples of and vices and other describe your personality essay made by other authors and also similar essays - describe your neighborhood essay , d escribe your mom essay and other.

This work may be difficult at first but it is very important to referencing ibid, begin. Right after that you will feel better and will understand that everything is possible if try hard. Our personal traits make us who we are. Project Management. Different people can have similar traits, but exactly the combination of all our traits makes us unique. Our traits can help us an also can create obstacles.

That is only our choice to decide their role in referencing essays ibid our life. For example, calmness is a good quality for a difficult situation. But if it turns to a taciturnity and reticence it can ruin relationships with other people. Or vice verse, hot head can be good in resume lauderdale sport competitions and artistic performances, but it can cause many troubles to those people who cannot keep themselves under control. Writing a describe your personality essay is a good idea, because you will have a chance to find your good and bad qualities and improve your life position. To identify you personal traits, try to answer on such questions: What is my good and bad side? Have I ever got into trouble? Was it because of my traits?

Have I ever overcome the referencing, difficulties? What qualities helped me to win? I am calm or I am a hot head? I am talkative or uncommunicative? I am thoughtful?

Try to think not only on friendship in of and men about your traits but also about the situation where they appear. Traits don’t live separately from essays life; they live only in a situation. So when you writing about your traits try to project management for construction, tell about the situation where these traits help you. For example, when you writing about your persistence, you can write about your schooling. I was so determined at ibid school that read and read every chapter until totally understood it. Or if you want to write about your calmness, you can show how adequate is essay and men, your reaction in referencing difficult situations. Thereby, there are many ways in which you can describe your traits. Just always remember that the power of every essay is in resume writing services details. Referencing. The more details you will give the stronger link will be between you and your readers.

Uniqueness is created from the combination of traits, so try to and vices and other, describe as many qualities of essays yours as you can in your describe your personality essay . Reflective writing for describe your personality essay. Reflective essay is a good way to describe your character and personality. It describes not only university thesis binding your experience but the influence that it has on you, too. In describe your bedroom essay or describe your home essay you can just state the referencing essays, facts, but this will not work with a human personality. Reflective essays are very often dedicated to a person who helped author to overcome some difficulties. How To Write Analysis Paper. Actually, even more important is how that person helped author to ibid, realize something important and to resume change something in his life position, perception and other. If you will decide to write describe your personality essay like reflective essay, you should find the referencing, important point in your life that led to a something good for your professional or other growth. Project. In other words there is referencing essays ibid, no need to write about fort lauderdale your whole life. Try to pick out only important for referencing essays ibid your describe your personality essay moments. For example, if you want to show how the influence of some situation in the past helped you to improve your career and work quality, you need only two points. The first point of the story is the moment when something influenced you.

The second point is when such influences reached to goal you made something good or something changed for you in a good way. Such two points are the biggest in your story. But, as you remember, the power of every essay is in nottingham trent university thesis details. Referencing. So you can simply use other little points to virtues, illustrate how your personality and you traits were moving from the referencing essays ibid, first big point to the last. Think about the main idea of cover letter to resume your describe your personality essay before you will even start writing. Read case study examples. Essays Ibid. You should create the emotional bonding between you and your readers. How To Paper. It will be great if your readers will be able to feel what you felt and correlate themselves with your story. To make this possible it is highly important to find the referencing essays ibid, right tone and words for and other essays your describe your personality essay . Detailed description of your emotions gives chances to essays ibid, readers to get into services fort your head. Writing a describe your personality essay is not simple and will require great writing skills from referencing essays ibid you. To just describe the how to a movie paper, events that have changed your life and your personality will be not enough to make your essay brilliant.

You also should make it exiting and nontrivial. If you have any difficulties with your describe your personality essay , our professional writers will help you. Essays. We also can help with such works english paper , term paper or religious studies . If you already have your describe your personality essay but want to project management for construction, improve it, our professional writers can help with formatting an essay . Referencing. Before you will start writing read some examples of describe your personality essay made by other authors and on friendship in of also similar essays - describe your neighborhood essay , d escribe your mom essay and other. This work may be difficult at first but it is very important to begin. Right after that you will feel better and will understand that everything is possible if try hard. Our personal traits make us who we are. Different people can have similar traits, but exactly the combination of all our traits makes us unique. Our traits can help us an also can create obstacles.

That is referencing ibid, only our choice to decide their role in our life. Management. For example, calmness is referencing ibid, a good quality for a difficult situation. But if it turns to a taciturnity and reticence it can ruin relationships with other people. Or vice verse, hot head can be good in sport competitions and a movie paper artistic performances, but it can cause many troubles to referencing, those people who cannot keep themselves under control. Writing a describe your personality essay is a good idea, because you will have a chance to find your good and on friendship mice and men bad qualities and improve your life position. To identify you personal traits, try to answer on such questions: What is my good and bad side? Have I ever got into trouble? Was it because of my traits?

Have I ever overcome the referencing ibid, difficulties? What qualities helped me to win? I am calm or I am a hot head? I am talkative or uncommunicative? I am thoughtful? Try to think not only nottingham university thesis about your traits but also about the situation where they appear. Traits don’t live separately from life; they live only in a situation. So when you writing about your traits try to tell about the situation where these traits help you. For example, when you writing about your persistence, you can write about your schooling.

I was so determined at school that read and read every chapter until totally understood it. Or if you want to write about your calmness, you can show how adequate is your reaction in difficult situations. Thereby, there are many ways in which you can describe your traits. Referencing Ibid. Just always remember that the a movie, power of every essay is in details. The more details you will give the referencing ibid, stronger link will be between you and your readers. Uniqueness is created from the combination of to resume traits, so try to describe as many qualities of yours as you can in your describe your personality essay . Reflective writing for describe your personality essay. Reflective essay is referencing ibid, a good way to describe your character and personality. Project For Construction. It describes not only your experience but the essays ibid, influence that it has on you, too. In describe your bedroom essay or describe your home essay you can just state the facts, but this will not work with a human personality. Reflective essays are very often dedicated to services fort lauderdale, a person who helped author to overcome some difficulties. Actually, even more important is how that person helped author to realize something important and change something in his life position, perception and other.

If you will decide to write describe your personality essay like reflective essay, you should find the important point in your life that led to a something good for your professional or other growth. In other words there is ibid, no need to write about your whole life. Try to pick out only important for your describe your personality essay moments. For example, if you want to essay on friendship in of mice, show how the influence of some situation in the past helped you to improve your career and work quality, you need only essays two points. The first point of the story is the moment when something influenced you. Trent University Thesis. The second point is when such influences reached to goal you made something good or something changed for you in a good way. Such two points are the biggest in your story. But, as you remember, the referencing essays ibid, power of every essay is in details.

So you can simply use other little points to mice, illustrate how your personality and you traits were moving from the first big point to the last. Think about the main idea of ibid your describe your personality essay before you will even start writing. Read case study examples. You should create the emotional bonding between you and your readers. It will be great if your readers will be able to feel what you felt and correlate themselves with your story. To make this possible it is highly important to find the letter to resume, right tone and words for referencing your describe your personality essay . Detailed description of your emotions gives chances to readers to get into your head.

Writing a describe your personality essay is nottingham binding, not simple and will require great writing skills from you. To just describe the ibid, events that have changed your life and your personality will be not enough to make your essay brilliant. You also should make it exiting and nontrivial. If you have any difficulties with your describe your personality essay , our professional writers will help you. How To Write Paper. We also can help with such works english paper , term paper or religious studies . If you already have your describe your personality essay but want to improve it, our professional writers can help with formatting an referencing, essay . Before you will start writing read some examples of describe your personality essay made by other authors and also similar essays - describe your neighborhood essay , d escribe your mom essay and other.

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Works of Martin Luther, with introductions and notes, Volume 1/Disputation on Indulgences. Disputation on referencing, Indulgences. A DISPUTATION OF. DOCTOR MARTIN LUTHER. POWER AND EFFICACY OF INDULGENCES. How To A Movie! (THE NINETY-FIVE THESES) A Disputation on the Power and referencing ibid, Efficacy of Indulgences [1] is the full title of the document commonly called The Ninety-five Theses. The form of the document was determined by the academic practice of the Middle Ages. In all the Mediaeval Universities the disputation was a well-established institution. It was a debate, conducted according to accepted rules, on any subject which the chief disputant might elect, and no student's education was thought to be complete until he had shown his ability to defend himself in resume fort lauderdale, discussions of this kind. It was customary to set forth the subject which was to be discussed, in a series of theses, which were statements of opinion tentatively advanced as the basis of argument.

The author, or some other person whom he might designate, announced himself ready to defend these statements against all comers, and invited all who might wish to debate with him to a part in the discussion. Such an academic document, one out of many hundreds, exhaling the atmosphere of the Mediaeval University, is the Disputation, which by its historical importance has earned the name The XCV Theses. The Theses were published on the Eve of All Saints (Oct. 31), 1517. They were not intended for any other public than that of the University, [2] and Luther did not even have them printed at essays ibid, first, though copies were forwarded to the Archbishop of Mainz, and to Luther's own diocesan, the services lauderdale Bishop of Brandenburg. The manner of their publication too was academic. Referencing Essays! They were simply posted on the door of the Church of All Saints—called the Castle-church, to distinguish it from its neighbor, the Town-church—not because more people would see them there than elsewhere, but because that church-door was the customary place for posting such announcements, the predecessor of the black-board in the modern German University. Writing Fort Lauderdale! It was not night, but mid-day [3] when the Theses were nailed up, and the Eve of All Saints was chosen, not that the crowds who would frequent the next day's festival might read them, for they were written in Latin, but because it was the customary day for the posting of theses. Moreover, the Feast of All Saints was the time when the referencing essays ibid precious relics, which earned the man who adored them, long years of a movie paper, indulgence, [4] were exhibited to worshipers, and the approach of this high feast-day put the thought of ibid, indulgences uppermost in the minds of everybody in Wittenberg, including the author of the Theses. [5] But neither the Theses nor the results which followed them could be confined to Wittenberg. Contrary to Luther's expectation and to his great surprise, [6] they circulated all through Germany with a rapidity that was startling.

Within two months, before the end of 1517, three editions of the Latin text had been printed, one at Wittenberg, one at Niirnberg, and one as far away as Basel, and copies of the Theses had been sent to Rome. Numerous editions, both Latin and German, quickly followed. Luther's cotemporaries saw in the publication of the Theses the beginning of the Reformation, [7] and the judgment of analysis paper, modem times has confirmed their verdict, but the Protestant of to-day, and especially the Protestant layman, is referencing essays, almost certain to be surprised, possibly deeply disappointed, at virtues, their contents. They are not a trumpet-blast of reform; that title must be reserved for the great works of 1520. [8] The word faith, destined to become the watchword of the Reformation, does not once occur in referencing ibid, them; the validity of the Sacrament of Penance is not disputed; the right of the pope to forgive sins, especially in reserved cases, is not denied; even the virtue of indulgences is virtues and vices and other essays, admitted, within limits, and the question at issue is simply What is that virtue? To read the Theses, therefore, with a fair degree of referencing essays, comprehension we must know something of the time that produced them, and and vices, we must bear two facts continually in mind. We must remember that at this time Luther was a devoted son of the Church and servant of the pope, perhaps not quite the right frantic and ibid, raving papist [9] he afterwards called himself, but as yet entirely without suspicion of the extent to which he had inwardly diverged from the teachings of Roman theology.

We must also remember that the Theses were no attempt at a searching examination of the whole structure and content of Roman teaching, but were directed against what Luther conceived to be merely abuses which had sprung up around a single group of doctrines centering in the Sacrament of Penance. He sincerely thought that the teaching of the Theses was in full agreement with the best traditions of the Church, [10] and his surprise that they should have caused so much excitement is undoubtedly genuine and resume writing, not feigned. He shows himself both hurt and referencing, astonished that he should be assailed as a heretic and schismatic, and called by six hundred other names of ignominy. [11] On the other hand, we are compelled to admit that from the outset Luther's opponents had grasped far more completely than he himself the true significance of his purely academic protest. 2. Penance and Indulgence. —The purpose of the disputation which Luther proposed to hold was to clear up the subject of the virtue of indulgences, and management for construction, the indulgences were the most striking and characteristic feature of the religious life of the Church in the last three Centuries of the Middle Ages. [12] We meet them everywhere—indulgences for the adoration of referencing, relics, indulgences for worship at certain shrines, indulgences for pilgrimages here or there, indulgences for contributions to this or that special object of write analysis, charity. Luther roundly charges the referencing essays indulgence-vendors with teaching the trent people that the indulgences are a means to the remission of sins. What are these indulgences? Their history is connected, on essays ibid, the one hand, with the history of the Sacrament of Penance, on the other with the history of the development of papal power. The Sacrament of Penance developed out of the administration of Church discipline. In the earliest days of the Church, the trent binding Christian who fell into referencing essays ibid sin was punished by exclusion from the communion of the Church.

This excommunication was not, however, permanent, and nottingham university, the sinner could be restored to the privileges of Church-fellowship after he had confessed his sin, professed penitence, and performed certain penitential acts, chief among which were alms-giving, fasting and prayer, and, somewhat later, pilgrimage. These acts of penitence came to have the name of satisfactions, and were a condition precedent to the reception of essays ibid, absolution. They varied in duration and nottingham trent thesis, severity, according to the enormity of the offence, and for essays ibid the guidance of those who administered the how to write discipline of the Church, sets of rules were formulated by which the satisfactions or penances were imposed. These codes are the Penitential Canons. [13] The first step in the development of the indulgences may be found in the practice which gradually arose, of referencing, remitting some part of the enjoined penances on consideration of the performance of in of, certain acts which could be regarded as meritorious. The indulgences received a new form, however, and became a part of the regular Church administration, when the popes discovered the possibilities which lay in this institution for the advancement of their own power and the furtherance of their own interests. Referencing Essays! This discovery seems to date from the essay on friendship in of and men time of the Crusades. The crusading-indulgences, granted at first only to those who actually went to the Holy War, subsequently to referencing essays those also who contributed to the expense of the expedition, were virtually the and other essays acceptance of this work as a substitute for any penance which the Church might otherwise require. As zeal for referencing ibid the Crusades began to wane, the indulgences were used more and more freely to stimulate lagging interest; their number was greatly increased, and those who purchased the indulgences with money far outnumbered those who actually took the Cross.

Failing in their purpose as an essays incentive to enlistment in the crusading armies, they showed their value as a source of income, and from the beginning of the XIV. Century the sale of referencing, indulgences became a regular business. About the same time a new kind of indulgence arose to take the place of the now somewhat antiquated crusading-indulgence. Cover Letter! This was the Jubilee-indulgence, and had its origin in the Jubilee of 1300. By the Bull Antiquorum Habet Fide, Boniface VIII. granted to all who would visit the shrines of the Apostles in ibid, Rome during the year 1300 and during each succeeding centennial year, a plenary indulgence. [14] Little by little it became the project management for construction custom to increase the number of ibid, these Jubilee-indulgences. Once in essays, a hundred years was not often enough for Christians to have a chance for plenary forgiveness, and at last, unwilling to deprive of the privileges of the Jubilee those who were kept away from essays, Rome, the popes came to grant the same plenary indulgence to all who would make certain contributions to the papal treasury. [15] Meanwhile the Sacrament of Penance had become an integral part of the Roman sacramental system, and had replaced the earlier penitential discipline as the means by which the resume fort Church granted Christians forgiveness for referencing sins committed after baptism. The scholastic theologians had busied themselves with the theory of resume fort, this Sacrament. They distinguished between its material, its form and its effect. Referencing Essays Ibid! The form of the Sacrament was the absolution; its effect, the virtues and vices and other essays forgiveness of sins; its material, three acts of the penitent: confession, contrition, and essays ibid, satisfaction. Confession must be by word of mouth, and must include all the sins which the sinner could remember to have committed; contrition must be sincere sorrow of the heart, and must include the purpose henceforth to avoid sin; satisfaction must be made by works prescribed by the priest who heard confession.

In the administration of the Sacrament, however, the absolution preceded satisfaction instead of following it, as it had done in the discipline of the early Church. [16] To justify this apparent inconsistency, the Doctors further distinguished between the guilt and the penalty of sin. [17] Sins were classified as mortal and venial. [18] Mortal sins for nottingham thesis which the offender had not received absolution were punished eternally, while venial sins were those which merited only some smaller penalty; but when a mortal sin was confessed and absolution granted, the guilt of the sin was done away, and with it the eternal penalty. And yet the absolution did not open the gate of heaven, though it closed the door of hell; the eternal penalty was not to be exacted, but there was a temporal penalty to be paid. The satisfaction was the temporal penalty, and if satisfaction was in arrears at death, the arrearage must be paid in essays ibid, purgatory, a place of punishment for mortal sins confessed and nottingham university thesis binding, repented, but unsatisfied, and for essays ibid venial sins, which were not serious enough to bring eternal condemnation. The penalties of purgatory were temporal, viz., they stopped somewhere this side of eternity, and their duration could be measured in days and years, though the nottingham thesis binding number of the referencing essays ibid years might mount high into the thousands and tens of thousands. It was at this point that the project management for construction practice of indulgences united with the referencing ibid theory of the Sacrament of Penance. The indulgences had to do with the satisfaction. [19] They might be partial, remitting only a portion of the penalties, measured by days or years of purgatory; or they might be plenary, remitting all penalties due in this world or the next. In theory, however, no indulgence could remit the guilt or the eternal penalty of sin, [20] and the purchaser of an and vices and other essays indulgence was not only expected to confess and be absolved, but he was also supposed to be corde contritus, i. e., truly penitent. [21] A rigid insistence on the fulfilment of these conditions would have greatly restricted the value of the indulgences as a means of gain, for essays ibid the right to hear confession and grant absolution belonged to the parish-priests.

Consequently, it became the custom to endow the indulgence-venders with extraordinary powers. They were given the authority to university hear confession and essays ibid, grant absolution wherever they might be, and to cover to resume absolve even from the sins which were normally reserved for referencing ibid the absolution of the higher Church authorities. The demand for essay on friendship and men contrition was somewhat more difficult to meet. But here too there was a way out. Complete contrition included love to God as its motive, and the truly contrite man was not always easy to find; but some of the scholastic Doctors had discovered a substitute for contrition in what they called attrition, viz., incomplete contrition, which might have fear for a motive, and which the Sacrament of ibid, Penance could transform into contrition.

When, therefore, a man was afraid of hell or of purgatory, he could make his confession to the indulgence-seller or his agent, receive from him the absolution which gave his imperfect repentance the value of true contrition, released him from the resume fort guilt of sin, and changed its eternal penalty to a temporal penalty, then he could purchase the plenary indulgence, which remitted the temporal penalty, and so in one transaction, in referencing essays, which all the demands of the Church were formally met, he could become sure of heaven. Thus the indulgence robbed the Sacrament of Penance of its ethical content. Furthermore, indulgences were made available for souls already in purgatory. This kind of indulgence seems to have been granted for on friendship in of and men the first time in 1476. It had long been held that the prayers of the referencing essays ibid living availed to shorten the pains of the departed, and the institution of masses for the dead was of long standing; but it was not without some difficulty that the Popes succeeded in establishing their claim to essay mice and men power over purgatory. Their power over the souls of the living was not disputed.

The Power of the Keys had been given to Peter and transmitted to his successors; the Treasury of the Church, [22] i. e., the merits of Christ and of the Saints, was believed to be at their disposal, and it was this treasury which they employed in the granting of indulgences; [23] but it seemed reasonable to suppose that their jurisdiction ended with death. Accordingly, Pope Sixtus IV, in 1477, declared that the power of the Pope over purgatory, while genuine, was exercised only per modum suffragii, by ibid, way of intercession. [24] The distinction was thought dogmatically important, but to the layman, who looked more to results than to methods, the difference between intercession and jurisdiction was trifling. To him the important thing was that the Pope, whether by jurisdiction or intercession, was able to release the soul of project management for construction, a departed Christian from the penalties of purgatory. It is referencing essays, needless to say that these indulgences for on friendship in of the dead were eagerly purchased. In filial love and natural affection the indulgence-vender had powerful allies. 3. The Indulgence of 1515. Essays! —The XCV Theses were called forth by cover letter, the preaching of the Jubilee Indulgence [25] of 1510, which was not placed on sale in central Germany until 1515. The financial needs of the essays papacy were never greater than in the last years of the XV. and resume writing services lauderdale, the first years of the XVI. Century, and they were further increased by the resolve of Julius II. to erect a new church of St. Peter, which should surpass in magnificence all the churches of the world.

The indulgence of 1510 was an extraordinary financial measure, the proceeds of which were to pay for the erection of the new Basilica, but when Julius died in 1513, the church was not completed, and the money had not been raised. The double task was bequeathed to his successor, Leo X. On the 31st of referencing ibid, March, 1515, Leo proclaimed a plenary indulgence for the Archbishoprics of Magdeburg and Mainz, and appointed Albrecht, of Brandenburg, who was the incumbent of both sees and of the bishopric of Halberstadt as well, Commissioner for the sale of this indulgence. By a secret agreement, of which Luther was, of project for construction, course, entirely ignorant, one-half of the ibid proceeds was to be paid to the Fuggers of Augsburg on account of moneys advanced to the Archbishop for the payment of the fees to Rome, and of the sums demanded in consideration of a dispensation allowing him to occupy three sees at the same time; the virtues and other other half of the proceeds was to go to the papal treasury to be applied to the building of the new church. The period during which the indulgence was to be on sale was eight years. The actual work of referencing essays ibid, organizing the indulgence-campaign was put into the hands of John Tetzel, whose large experience in the selling of indulgences fitted him excellently for the post of services fort, Sub-commissioner. The indulgence-sellers acted under the commission of the Archbishop and the directions of Tetzel, who took personal charge of the enterprise. The preachers went from referencing essays ibid, city to city, and during the time that they were preaching the indulgence in any given place, all other preaching was required to cease. [26] They held out the usual inducements to prospective buyers. The plenary nature of the indulgence was made especially prominent, and the people were eloquently exhorted that the purchase of indulgence-letters was better than all good works, that they were an insurance against the pains of hell and of purgatory, that they availed for all satisfactions, even in the case of the most heinous sins that could be conceived. [27] Confessional letters [28] were one of the forms of this indulgence.

They gave their possessor permission to project management choose his own confessor, and entitled him to plenary remission once in his life, to absolution from sins normally reserved, etc. Essays! The indulgences for the dead were zealously proclaimed, and the duty of purchasing for departed souls release from the pains of purgatory was most urgently enjoined. Management For Construction! So great was the power of the indulgence to alleviate the pains of purgatory, that the souls of the departed were said to pass into heaven the instant that the coins of the indulgence-buyer jingled in the money-box. [29] 4. Luther's Protest. —The Theses were Luther's protest against the manner in which this indulgence was preached, and against the false conception of the efficacy of indulgences which the people obtained from such preaching. They were not his first protest, however. In a sermon, preached July 27th, 1516, [30] he had issued a warning against the false idea that a man who had bought an indulgence was sure of salvation, and had declared the assertion that souls could be bought out of purgatory to be a piece of essays ibid, temerity. His warnings were repeated in other sermons, preached October 31st, 1516, and February 24th, 1517. [31] The burden of these warnings is always the same: the indulgences lead men astray; they incite to fear of God's penalties and not to fear of sin; they encourage false hopes of salvation, and make light of the true condition of forgiveness, viz., sincere and essays, genuine repentance. These warnings are repeated in essays, the Theses. The preaching of indul- gences has concealed the true nature of repentance; the first thing to consider is what our Lord and Master Jesus Christ means, when He says, Repent. [32] Without denying the pope's right to the power of the keys, Luther wishes to come into the clear about the extent of the write pope's jurisdiction, which does not reach as far as purgatory. He believes that the referencing ibid pope has the write right to remit penalties, but these penalties are of the same sort as those which were imposed in the early Church as a condition precedent to referencing ibid the absolution; they are ecclesiastical penalties merely, and do not extend beyond the cover letter grave; the true penalty of sin is hatred of self, which continues until entrance into the kingdom of heaven. [33] The Theses are formulated with continual reference to the statements of the indulgence-preachers, and referencing, of the Instruction to the Commissaries issued under the name of the Archbishop of Mainz. [34] For this reason there is little logical sequence in the arrangement of the Theses, and none of the attempts to discover a plan or scheme underlying them has been successful. [35] In a general way it may be said that for the positive views of Luther on the subjects discussed, Theses 30–37 and 42–52 are the most vital, while Theses 92–95 are sufficient evidence of the analysis motive which led Luther to essays ibid make his protest.

5. Conclusion. —The editors of this Translation present herewith a new translation of the write a movie Theses, together with three letters, which will help the reader to understand the mind of Luther at the time of their composition and his motive in preparing them. Essays Ibid! The first of these letters is that which was sent, with a copy of the Theses, to Albrecht of Mainz. The second and a movie analysis, third are addressed respectively to Staupitz and Leo X., and were written to accompany the Resolutions, [36] an exhaustive explantion and defense of the Theses, published in 15 18, after the controversy had become bitter. 6. Literature. —(a) Sources. The source material for the history of indulgences is naturally widely scattered. The most convenient collection is found in Koehler, Dokumente zum Ablassstreit, Tubingen, 1900. For the indulgences against which Luther protested, see, beside the Editions of Luther's Works, Kapp , Schauplatz des Tetzelischen Ablass-Krams, Leipzig, 1720; Sammlung einiger zum pabstlichen Ablass gehorigen Schriften, Leipzig, 1721; Kleine Nachlese zur Erlauterung der Reformationsgeschichte, Leipzig, 1730 and 1733; also Loescher, Vollstandige Reformationsacta, I, Leipzig, 1720. (b) Secondary Works. Beside the general works in Church History and History of Doctrine, see the Lives of Luther, in referencing essays ibid, German especially those of Kostlin-Kawerau, Kolde, Berger and Hausrath; in English those of Beard, Jacobs, Lindsay, Smith and McGiffert; also Boehmer , Luther im Lichte der neueren Forschung, 2d ed., Leipzig, 1910. On the indulgences in their relation to the Sacrament of Penance, H. C. Lea, History of Confession and Indulgence, especially Vol. III, Philadelphia, 1896; Brieger, Das Wesen des Ablasses am Ausgang des Mittelalters, Leipzig, 1897, and Article Indulgenzen in PRE. Services! 3 IX, pp.

76 ff. (Eng. in Schaff-Herzog v., pp. 485-88); Gottlob , Kreuzablass und Almosenablass, Stuttgart, 1906 (especially valuable for the origin of indulgences). On the indulgences and the XCV Theses, Koestlin, Luther's Theologie, Leipzig, 1883 (Eng. Trans, by Hay, The Theology of Luther, Philadelphia, 1897); Bratke, Luther's XCV Thesen und ihre dogmengeschichtlichen Voraussetzungen, Gottingen, 1884; Dieckhoff, Der Ablassstreit dogmengeschichtlich dargestellt, Gotha, 1886; Lindsay , History of the Reformation, I, New York, 1906; Tschachert , Entstehung der lutherischen und reformierten Kirchenlehre, Gottingen, 1910. On the financial aspects of the indulgence-traffic, Schulte , Die Fugger in Rom, 2 vols., Leipzig, 1904. CHARLES M. JACOBS. LETTER TO THE ARCHBISHOP ALBRECHT OF MAINZ. OCTOBER 31, 1517. To the Most Reverend Father in Christ and Most Illustrious Lord, Albrecht of Magdeburg and Mainz, Archbishop and Primate of the Church, Margrave of Brandenburg, etc., his own lord and pastor in Christ, worthy of referencing, reverence and fear, and most gracious. The grace of God be with you in all its fulness and power!

Spare me, Most Reverend Father in Christ and Most Illustrious Prince, that I, the dregs of how to a movie, humanity, have so much boldness that I have dared to think of referencing essays ibid, a letter to the height of your Sublimity. Virtues And Vices Essays! The Lord Jesus is my witness that, conscious of my smallness and baseness, I have long deferred what I am now shameless enough to do,—moved thereto most of all by the duty of fidelity which I acknowledge that I owe to your most Reverend Fatherhood in Christ. Essays Ibid! Meanwhile, therefore, may your Highness deign to cast an eye upon one speck of dust, and for the sake of your pontifical clemency to heed my prayer. Papal indulgences for the building of St. Peter's are circulating under your most distinguished name, and as regards them, I do not bring accusation against the outcries of the preachers, which I have not heard, so much as I grieve over the wholly false impressions which the people have conceived from to resume, them; to wit,—the unhappy souls believe that if they have purchased letters of indulgence they are sure of their salvation; [38] again, that so soon as they cast their contributions into the money-box, souls fly out of purgatory; [39] furthermore, that these graces [i. e., the graces conferred in the indulgences] are so great that there is no sin too great to be absolved, even, as they say — though the thing is impossible—if one had violated the Mother of God; [40] again, that a man is free, through these indulgences, from all penalty and referencing, guilt. [41]

O God, most good! Thus souls committed to trent university your care, good Father, are taught to ibid their death, and trent binding, the strict account, which you must render for all such, grows and increases. For this reason I have no longer been able to keep quiet about this matter, for essays ibid it is by no gift of a bishop that man becomes sure of salvation, since he gains this certainty not even by the inpoured grace [42] of God, but the Apostle bids us always work out and other, our own salvation in fear and trembling, [43] and Peter says, the righteous scarcely shall be saved. [44] Finally, so narrow is the way that leads to life, [45] that the Lord, through the prophets Amos [46] and essays, Zechariah, [47] calls those who shall be saved brands plucked from the burning, and everywhere declares the nottingham difficulty of salvation. Why, then, do the essays ibid preachers of how to a movie paper, pardons, by these false fables and promises, make the people careless and fearless? Whereas indulgences confer on us no good gift, either for salvation or for sanctity, but only take away the external penalty, which it was formerly the custom to impose according to the canons. [48] Finally, works of referencing essays ibid, piety and letter to resume, love are infinitely better than indulgences, [49] and yet these are not preached with such ceremony or such zeal; nay, for the sake of preaching the indulgences they are kept quiet, though it is the first and the sole duty of all bishops that the people should learn the Gospel and the love of Christ, for ibid Christ never taught that indulgences should be preached. Nottingham Trent Binding! How great then is the horror, how great the peril of a bishop, if he permits the Gospel to be kept quiet, and nothing but the noise of indulgences to be spread among his people! [50] Will not Christ say to them, straining at essays ibid, a gnat and swallowing a camel [51] [52] In addition to write a movie this. Most Reverend Father in the Lord, it is said in the Instruction to the Commissaries [53] which is issued under your name. Most Reverend Father (doubtless without your knowledge and consent), that one of the chief graces of indulgence is that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to God, and ibid, all the write a movie analysis penalties of purgatory are destroyed. [54] Again, it is said that contrition is not necessary in those who purchase souls [out of purgatory] or buy confessionalia. [55] But what can I do, good Primate and Most Illustrious Prince, except pray your Most Reverend Fatherhood by referencing ibid, the Lord Jesus Christ that you would deign to look [on this matter] with the eye of fatherly care, and do away entirely with that treatise [56] and impose upon the preachers of pardons another form of preaching; lest, perchance, one may some time arise, who will publish writings in which he will confute both them and that treatise, to the shame of your Most Illustrious Sublimity.

I shrink very much from thinking that this will be done, and yet I fear that it will come to pass, unless there is some speedy remedy. These faithful offices of my insignificance I beg that your Most Illustrious Grace may deign to accept in the spirit of a Prince and a Bishop, i. e., with the greatest clemency, as I offer them out of a faithful heart, altogether devoted to nottingham trent university you, Most Reverend Father, since I too am a part of your flock. May the ibid Lord Jesus have your Most Reverend Fatherhood eternally in His keeping. Amen. From Wittenberg on the Vigil of All Saints, MDXVII. If it please the Most Reverend Father he may see these my Disputations, and learn how doubtful a thing is the opinion of indulgences which those men spread as though it were most certain. Cover Letter! To the Most Reverend Father, Brother Martin Luther. DISPUTATION OF DOCTOR MARTIN LUTHER ON THE POWER AND EFFICACY OF INDULGENCES. OCTOBER 31, 1517.

Out of love for ibid the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 1 . Our Lord and resume writing services lauderdale, Master Jesus Christ, when He said Poenitentiam agite, [57] willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance.

2 . This word cannot be understood to mean sacramental penance, i. e., confession and satisfaction, which is administered by the priests. 3 . Yet it means not inward repentance only; nay, there is referencing essays ibid, no inward repentance which does not outwardly work divers mortifications of the cover to resume flesh. 4 . The penalty [58] [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. 5 . The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by essays ibid, that of the Canons. Cover To Resume! [59] 6 . The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by essays ibid, God and by assenting to God's remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the how to write paper guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. 7 . God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to essays His vicar, the priest. 8 . The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying. 9 . Therefore the Holy Spirit in the pope is kind to us, because in his decrees he always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity. Virtues And Vices And Other Essays! [60] 10 . Ignorant and wicked are the doings of those priests who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory. 11 . This changing of the canonical penalty to ibid the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown [61] while the bishops slept.

12 . In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. 13 . The dying are freed by death from all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. 14 . The imperfect health [of soul], that is to how to a movie analysis say, the imperfect love, of the essays dying brings with it, of write a movie paper, necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. Referencing! 15 . Project Management For Construction! This fear and horror is sufficient of referencing essays, itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. 16 . Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ as do despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety. 17 . With souls in purgatory it seems necessary that horror should grow less and love increase. 18 . It seems unproved, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love. 19 . Again, it seems unproved that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own blessedness, though we may be quite certain of it.

20 . Therefore by full remission of all penalties the pope means not actually of on friendship in of, all, but only of those imposed by himself. 21 . Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the pope's indulgences a man is freed from every penalty, and essays ibid, saved; 22 . Whereas he remits to souls in purgatory no penalty which, according to the canons, they would have had to pay in this life. In Of! 23 . If it is at all possible to grant to any one the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission can be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to the very fewest. 24 . Referencing Essays Ibid! It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and high-sounding promise of release from penalty. 25 . The power which the pope has, in a general way, over resume writing fort purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish.

26 . The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), [62] but by way of intercession. 27 . They preach man [63] who say that so soon as the penny jingles into ibid the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory]. [64] 28 . It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the letter to resume result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone. 29 . Essays Ibid! Who knows whether all the souls in project management for construction, purgatory wish to be bought out of essays, it, as in the legend of Sts. Severus and Paschal. [65] 30 . No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. 31 . How To Paper! Rare as is the man that is truly penitent, so rare is also the man who truly buys indulgences, i. Essays Ibid! e., such men are most rare. 32 . They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon. [66] 33 . University Thesis Binding! Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is referencing, reconciled to for construction Him; 34 . For these graces of referencing ibid, pardon concern only the nottingham trent university binding penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. [67] 35 . They preach no Christian doctrine who teach that contrition is not necessary in essays ibid, those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessionalia. [68] 36 . Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and virtues and other, guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37 . Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of ibid, pardon. 38 . Management! Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the Church] which are granted by the pope are in essays, no way to be despised, for they are, as I have said, [69] the declaration of divine remission. 39 . It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to cover letter to resume the people the abundance of pardons and referencing ibid, [the need of] true contrition. 40 . True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but liberal pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at on friendship, least, furnish an occasion [for hating them]. 41 . Apostolic [70] pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the referencing essays people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love.

42 . Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the to resume buying of referencing essays ibid, pardons to be compared in any way to cover letter works of mercy. 43 . Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44 . Because love grows by works of love, and man becomes better; but by pardons man does not grow better, only referencing ibid, more free from penalty. 45 . Write A Movie Analysis! Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and referencing essays, gives [his money] for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God. 46 . Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by no means to squander it on pardons. 47 . Christians are to be taught that the buying of pardons is a matter of free will, and not of commandment. 48 . Essay On Friendship Mice! Christians are to be taught that the pope, in referencing ibid, granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. 49 . Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful, if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if through them they lose their fear of virtues and other, God. [71] 50 . Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter's church should go to essays ibid ashes, than that it should be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep. 51 . Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to fort be sold.

52 . The assurance of salvation by letters of referencing ibid, pardon is vain, even though the commissary, [72] nay, even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. 53 . They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who bid the Word of God be altogether silent in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in essay, others. 54 . Injury is done the Word of referencing ibid, God when, in writing lauderdale, the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on this Word. [73] 55 . It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. 56 . The treasures of the Church, [74] out of which the pope grants indulgences, are not sufficiently named or known among the people of Christ. 57 . That they are not temporal treasures is referencing essays, certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them. 58 . Nor are they the merits of Christ and the Saints, for resume lauderdale even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for referencing essays the outward man. 59 . St.

Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church's poor, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time. 60 . Without rashness we say that the binding keys of the Church, given by Christ's merit, are that treasure; 61 . Essays! For it is writing fort, clear that for the remission of penalties and referencing ibid, of reserved cases, the power of the pope is how to write paper, of itself sufficient. 62 . The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God. 63 . But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last. Essays Ibid! 64 . On the writing lauderdale other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for referencing essays ibid it makes the last to be first. How To Write Paper! 65 . Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches.

66 . The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. 67 . The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. 68 . Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of essays ibid, God and services, the piety of the referencing ibid Cross. 69 . Bishops and curates are bound to admit the commissaries of resume fort lauderdale, apostolic pardons, with all reverence. 70 . But still more are they bound to strain all their eyes and referencing essays ibid, attend with all their ears, lest these men preach their own dreams instead of the commission of the pope.

71 . He who speaks against the truth of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed! 72 . But he who guards against the lust and license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! 73 . The pope justly thunders [75] against those who, by any art, contrive the cover injury of the traffic in pardons. Referencing! 74 . But much more does he intend to nottingham trent university thesis thunder against those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury, of holy love and truth. 75 . To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God — this is madness. [76] 76 . We say, on the contrary, that the essays ibid papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of and other, venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. [77] 77 . Referencing Essays Ibid! It is said that even St. Nottingham University Thesis Binding! Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Peter and against the pope.

78 . We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and essays ibid, any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; to wit, the Gospel, powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is written in I. Corinthians xii. 79 . To say that the essay on friendship mice and men cross, emblazoned with the papal arms, which is set up [by the preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the ibid Cross of resume writing fort, Christ, is blasphemy. 80 . The bishops, curates and theologians who allow such talk to be spread among the people, will have an account to referencing ibid render. 81 . This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it no easy matter, even for learned men, to rescue the reverence due to the pope from slander, or even from the shrewd questionings of the laity. 82 . To wit:—Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for virtues and vices the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial. 83 . Again:—Why are mortuary and ibid, anniversary masses for resume writing services fort lauderdale the dead continued, and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the endowments founded on essays, their behalf, since it is wrong to cover letter to resume pray for the redeemed? 84 . Essays Ibid! Again:—What is management, this new piety of God and the pope, that for referencing money they allow a man who is essay on friendship in of mice and men, impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of God, and do not rather, because of essays, that pious and beloved soul's own need, free it for pure love's sake? 85 . Services Fort Lauderdale! Again:—Why are the penitential canons, [78] long since in actual fact and through disuse abrogated and dead, now satisfied by referencing essays ibid, the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in force? 86 . Again:—Why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of writing services lauderdale, poor believers?

87 . Again:—What is it that the pope remits, and what participation [79] does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a right to full remission and participation? 88 . Again:—What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does once, [80] and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations? 89 . Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the referencing salvation of souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy? [81] 90 . Essay On Friendship In Of! To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by referencing ibid, force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. Virtues And Other! 91 . If, therefore, pardons were preached according to referencing the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; nay, they would not exist. 92 . Away, then, with all those prophets who say to trent thesis binding the people of essays, Christ, Peace, peace, and there is no peace! [82] 93 . Blessed be all those prophets who say to project for construction the people of Christ, Cross, cross, and there is no cross! [83] 94 . Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; 95 . And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, [84] than through the assurance of peace. LETTER TO JOHN STAUPITZ ACCOMPANYING THE RESOLUTIONS TO THE XCV THESES. To his Reverend and Dear Father.

Professor of Sacred Theology, Vicar of the Augustinian Order, Brother Martin Luther, I remember, dear Father, that once, among those pleasant and wholesome talks of thine, with which the referencing essays ibid Lord Jesus ofttimes gives me wondrous consolation, the word poenitentia [85] was mentioned. We were moved with pity for for construction many consciences, and for those tormentors who teach, with rules innumerable and unbearable, what they call a modus confitendi. [86] Then we heard thee say as with a voice from heaven, that there is no true penitence which does not begin with love of righteousness and of God, and that this love, which others think to be the referencing essays end and the completion of penitence, is rather its beginning. [87] This word of thine stuck in me like a sharp arrow of the mighty, and from that time forth I began to how to analysis paper compare it with the referencing ibid texts of Scripture which teach penitence. Lo, there began a joyous game! The words frollicked with me everywhere! They laughed and gamboled around this saying. Before that there was scarcely a word in all the Scriptures more bitter to essay in of me than penitence, though I was busy making pretences to God and trying to produce a forced, feigned love; but now there is no word which has for me a sweeter or more pleasing sound than penitence, For God's commands are sweet, when we find that they are to be read not in books alone, but in the wounds of our sweet Saviour. Referencing Essays! After this it came about that, by the grace of the virtues and vices and other learned men who dutifully teach us Greek and Hebrew, I learned that this word is in Greek metanoia and is derived from meta and noun, i. e., post and mentem, [88] so that poenitentia or metanoia is referencing essays ibid, a coming to one's senses, and is a knowledge of one's own evil, gained after punishment has been accepted and error acknowledged; and this cannot possibly happen without a change in our heart and our love. All this answers so aptly to the theology of Paul, that nothing, at essay in of and men, least in my judgment, can so aptly illustrate St. Paul. Then I went on and saw that metanoia cap be derived, though not without violence, not only from post and mentem, but also from trans and mentem, [89] so that metanoia signifies a changing [90] of the mind and heart, because it seemed to indicate not only a change of the heart, but also a manner of essays, changing it, i. e., the grace of God. For that passing over of the mind, [91] which is true repentance, is of very frequent mention in the Scriptures.

Christ has displayed the true significance of that old word Passover; and long before the Passover, [92] Abraham was a type of a movie paper, it, when he was called a pilgrim, [93] i. Referencing Essays! e., a Hebrew, [94] that is to say, one who passed over into Mesopotamia, as the Doctor of Bourgos [95] learnedly explains. Resume Lauderdale! With this accords, too, the title of the Psalm [96] in essays, which Jeduthun, i. e., the pilgrim, [97] is introduced as the singer. Depending on these things, I ventured to write a movie analysis think those men false teachers who ascribed so much to works of penitence that they left us scarcely anything of penitence itself except trivial satisfactions [98] and laborious confession, because, forsooth, they had derived their idea from the Latin words poenitentiam agere, [99] . Ibid! which indicate an action, rather than a change of heart, and are in fort lauderdale, no way an equivalent for the Greek metanoia. While this thought was boiling in my mind, suddenly new trumpets of indulgences and bugles of remissions began to peal and to bray all about us; but they were not intended to arouse us to keen eagerness for battle. In a word, the essays ibid doctrine of true penitence was passed by, and they presumed to praise not even that poorest part of management for construction, penitence which is called satisfaction, [100] but the remission of that poorest part of penitence; and referencing, they praised it so highly that such praise was never heard before. Then, too, they taught impious and false and heretical doctrines with such authority (I wished to say with such assurance) that he who even muttered anything to the contrary under his breath, would straightway be consigned to the flames as a heretic, and condemned to eternal malediction. Unable to meet their rage half-way, I determined to for construction enter a modest dissent, and to call their teaching into question, relying on the opinion of all the doctors and of the whole Church, that to essays ibid render satisfaction is better than to secure the remission of in of mice and men, satisfaction, i. Ibid! e., to buy indulgences. Nor is there anybody who ever taught otherwise. Therefore, I published my Disputation; [101] in other words, I brought upon my head all the curses, high, middle and low, which these lovers of money (I should say of souls) are able to send or to nottingham university have sent upon me. For these most courteous men, armed, as they are, with very dense acumen, since they cannot deny what I have said, now pretend that in my Disputation I have spoken against the power of the Supreme Pontiff. [102] That is the reason. Reverend Father, why I now regretfully come out in referencing ibid, public.

For I have ever been a lover of my corner, and prefer to look upon the beauteous passing show of the great minds of our age, rather than to be looked upon and laughed at. But I see that the bean must appear among the cabbages, [103] and nottingham thesis, the black must be put with the white, for the sake of seemliness and loveliness. I ask, therefore, that thou wilt take this foolish work of referencing, mine and forward it, if possible, to the most Excellent Pontiff, Leo X, where it may plead my cause against the designs of those who hate me. Not that I wish thee to share my danger! Nay, I wish this to be done at my peril only.

Christ will see whether what I have said is His or my own; and without His permission there is not a word in the Supreme Pontiff's tongue, nor is the cover letter heart of the king in his own hand. [104] He is the Judge whose verdict I await [105] from the Roman See. As for those threatening friends of mine, I have no answer for them but that word of Reuchlin's—He who is poor fears nothing; he has nothing to referencing essays ibid lose. Fortune I neither have nor desire; if I have had reputation and honor, he who destroys them is always at work; there remains only one poor body, weak and wearied with constant hardships, and project, if by force or wile they do away with that (as a service to God), [106] they will but make me poorer by perhaps an hour or two of life. Enough for me is the most sweet Saviour and Redeemer, my Lord Jesus Christ, to Whom I shall always sing my song; [107] if any one is unwilling to sing with me, what is that to me? Let him howl, if he likes, by himself. The Lord Jesus keep thee eternally, my gracious Father! Wittenberg, Day of the Holy Trinity, MDXVIII. LETTER TO POPE LEO X, ACCOMPANYING THE RESOLUTIONS TO THE XCV THESES. Most Blessed Father, wisheth everlasting welfare. I have heard evil reports about referencing essays ibid, myself, most blessed Father, by which I know that certain friends have put my name in virtues and vices, very bad odor with you and yours, saying that I have attempted to essays ibid belittle the power of the keys and of the Supreme Pontiff. Therefore I am accused of heresy, apostasy, and perfidy, and am called by virtues essays, six hundred other names of ignominy.

My ears shudder and my eyes are astounded. But the one thing in which I put my confidence remains unshaken—my clear and quiet conscience. Moreover, what I hear is essays, nothing new. With such like decorations I have been adorned in my own country by those same honorable and truthful men, i. e., by the men whose own conscience convicts them of wrongdoing, and who are trying to put their own monstrous doings off on cover to resume, me, and to glorify their own shame by bringing shame to referencing ibid me. But you will deign, blessed Father, to hear the true case from me, though I am but an uncouth child. [108] It is not long ago that the preaching of the Jubilee indulgences [109] was begun in resume services, our country, and matters went so far that the preachers of indulgences, thinking that the protection of your name made anything permissible, ventured openly to teach the most impious and heretical doctrines, which threatened to make the power of the Church a scandal and a laughing-stock, as if the decretals De abusionibus quaestorum [110] did not apply to them. Not content with spreading this poison of theirs by word of mouth, they published tracts and scattered them among the people. In these books—to say nothing of the referencing insatiable and unheard of avarice of which almost every letter in them vilely smells—they laid down those same impious and heretical doctrines, and laid them down in such wise that confessors were bound by essay on friendship and men, their oath to be faithful and insistent in urging them upon the people.

I speak the truth, and none of them can hide himself from the heat [111] thereof. The tracts are extant and they cannot disown them. These teachings were so successfully carried on, and the people, with their false hopes, were sucked so dry that, as the referencing Prophet says, they plucked their flesh from off their bones;refMic. 3:2ref but they themselves meanwhile were fed most pleasantly on the fat of the virtues and vices land. There was just one means which they used to quiet opposition, to wit, the protection of ibid, your name, the threat of cover letter, burning at the stake, and the disgrace of the name heretic. It is essays ibid, incredible how ready they are to threaten, even, at times, when they perceive that it is only their own mere silly opinions which are contradicted. As though this were to quiet opposition, and not rather to arouse schisms and seditions by sheer tyranny! None the less, however, stories about the avarice of the priests were bruited in the taverns, and evil was spoken of the management for construction power of the referencing keys and cover, of the Supreme Pontiff, and as evidence of this, I could cite the common talk of essays, this whole land.

I truly confess that I was on fire with zeal for Christ, as I thought, or with the heat of youth, if you prefer to have it so; and yet I saw that it was not in place for me to make any decrees or to essay in of and men do anything in these matters. Therefore I privately admonished some of the prelates of the Church. By some of them I was kindly received, to others I seemed ridiculous, to still others something worse; for essays ibid the terror of your name and the threat of Church censures prevailed. Lauderdale! At last, since I could do nothing else, it seemed good that I should offer at least a gentle resistance to them, i. e., question and referencing ibid, discuss their teachings. Therefore I published a set of theses, inviting only the more learned to dispute with me if they wished; as should be evident, even to my adversaries, from the project management Preface to the Disputation. [112] Lo, this is the fire with which they complain that all the world is now ablaze! Perhaps it is because they are indignant that I, who by your own apostolic authority am a Master of Theology, have the right to conduct public disputations, according to the custom of all the referencing essays Universities and of the whole Church, not only about indulgences, but also about God's power and remission and mercy, which are incomparably greater subjects. I am not much moved, however, by the fact that they envy me the privilege granted me by the power of your Holiness, since I am unwillingly compelled to and vices and other essays yield to them in things of far greater moment, viz., when they mix the dreams of Aristotle with theological matters, and conduct nonsensical disputations about the majesty of God, beyond and against the privilege granted them. It is referencing, a miracle to me by what fate it has come about that this single Disputation of mine should, more than any other, of mine or of any of the teachers, have gone out into virtues essays very nearly the whole land. It was made public at referencing essays, our University and for our University only, and it was made public in such wise that I cannot believe it has become known to all men.

For it is essay on friendship in of, a set of theses, not doctrines or dogmas, and referencing, they are put, according to custom, in an obscure and enigmatic way. Otherwise, if I had been able to foresee what was coming, I should have taken care, for my part, that they would be easier to understand. Now what shall I do? I cannot recant them; and yet I see that marvelous enmity is inflamed against me because of their dissemination. It is unwillingly that I incur the public and perilous and various judgment of men, especially since I am unlearned, dull of brain, empty of scholarship; and nottingham binding, that too in this brilliant age of ours, which by its achievements in letters and learning can force even Cicero into the corner, though he was no base follower of the public light. But necessity compels me to be the goose that squawks among the swans. And so, to soften my enemies and to fulfil the desires of many, I herewith send forth these trifling explanations of my Disputation; I send them forth in order, too, that I may be more safe under the defense of your name and the shadow of your protection. In them all may see, who will, how purely and simply I have sought after and cherished the power of the referencing essays ibid Church and reverence for the keys; and, at the same time, how unjustly and resume writing services fort, falsely my adversaries have befouled me with so many names.

For if I had been such a one as they wish to ibid make me out, and if I had not, on the contrary, done everything correctly, according to my academic privilege, the Most Illustrious Prince Frederick, Duke of Saxony, Imperial Elector, etc., would never have tolerated such a pest in his University, for he most dearly loves the writing Catholic and Apostolic truth, nor could I have been tolerated by the keen and learned men of our University. But what has been done, I do because those most courteous men do not fear openly to involve both the Prince and the University in the same disgrace with myself. [113] Wherefore, most blessed Father, I cast myself at the feet of your Holiness, with all that I have and all that I am. Quicken, kill, call, recall, approve, reprove, as you will. In your voice I shall recognize the voice of Christ directing you and speaking in you. If I have deserved death, I shall not refuse to referencing essays ibid die. For the earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof. [114] He is blessed forever.

Amen. May He have you too forever in His keeping. Amen. ^ Disputatio pro declaratione virtutis indulgentiarum. ^ Luther says, Apud nostros at propter nostros editae sunt. Weimar Ed., I, 528. On the whole subject see Letters to Staupitz and the Pope, below. ^ Cf. Letter To Resume! Weimar Ed., I, 229. ^ The Church of All Saints at Wittenberg was the repository of the great collection of relics which Frederick the Wise had gathered. A catalogue of the collection, with illustrations by Lucas Cranach, was published in 1509.

The collection contained 5005 sacred objects, including a bit of the crown of thorns and some of the Virgin Mother's milk. Adoration of ibid, these relics on All Saints' Day (Nov. 1st) was rewarded with indulgence for more than 500,000 years. So Von Bezold, Die deutsche Reformation (1890), p. 100; see also Barge, Karlstadt, I, 39 ff. ^ Luther had preached a sermon warning against the danger of write paper, indulgences or the Eve of All Saints (1516). See below. ^ See below, Letter to Leo X. ^ Weimar Ed., I, 230. ^The Address to the Christian Nobility and the Babylonian Captivity of the Church. Referencing Essays! ^ Introduction to the Complete Works (1545); above, p. 10. ^ See Letter to Staupitz, below. Thesis Binding! ^ See Letter to Leo X, below. ^ Cf.

Gottlob , Kreuzablass und Almosenablass. p. i. ^ See Theses 5, 8, 85. Referencing Essays! ^ Non solam plenam et largiorera, imo plenissimam omnium suorum concedemus et concedimus veniam peccatorum. Mirbt , Queilen, 2d ed., No. 243. And Other Essays! ^ This custom of putting the referencing Jubilee-indulgences on sale seems to date from the year 1390. Cf. Lea , Hist, of Conf. and cover to resume, Indulg., III ,206. No mention is here made of the indulgences attached to adoration of essays, relics, etc. Project Management For Construction! On the development of this form of indulgence see Lea, Hist, of Conf. and essays, Indulg., III, 131–194, 234–195, and virtues and vices essays, Gottlob , Kreuzablass und Almosenablass, pp. 195-254. ^ See Thesis 12. ^ See Theses 4–6, Note 2. ^ For Luther's opinion of this distinction, see the Discourse Concerning Confession elsewhere in the present volume. Essays Ibid! ^ Not even the poorest part of penance which is resume services fort lauderdale, called 'satisfaction,' but the remission of that poorest part of penance. Letter to Staupitz, below. ^ There is ample proof that in practice the indulgences were preached as sufficient to secure to the purchaser the entire remission of sin, and the form a culpa et poena was officially employed in many cases (Cf.

Brieger , Das Wesen des Ablasses am Ausgang des MA. and PRE 3 IX. 83 ff., and Lea , History of Confession, etc., III, 54 ff.). It is difficult to withstand the essays conclusion that even in theory indulgences had been declared to be efficacious for the removal of the guilt of sin in in of, the presence of God, Lindsay , History of the essays Reformation, I, 226. ^ It is on the basis of this theory that Roman Catholic writers on indulgences declare them to be extra-sacramental, i. e., outside the Sacrament of Penance. So, e. g., Kent , in The Catholic Encyclopedia, Art. Project Management For Construction! Indulgence. ^ See Theses 56-58. ^ The doctrine of the Treasury of the Church grew up as a result of the indulgences. It was an attempt to answer the question, How can a satisfaction, which God demands, be waived?

The answer is, By the application of merits earned by referencing essays ibid, Christ and by the Saints who did more than God requires. University Thesis Binding! These merits form the Treasury of the Church. Cf. Seeberg , PRE 3 XV, 417; Lea , Hist of Confession, etc., III, 14–28. ^ See Thesis 26. Ibid! ^ i. e. A plenary indulgence similar to those granted for pilgrimage to Rome in Jubilee-years. See above, p. 18. ^ See Theses 53-55. ^ See Thesis 75. ^ See Thesis 35. ^ See Thesis 27. ^ Weimar Ed., I, 63 ff.; Erl. Letter To Resume! Ed., I, 101 ff. ^ Weimar Ed. , I, 94 ff., 138 ff.; Erl.

Ed., I, 171 ff., 177 ff. ^ See Thesis 1. ^ See Thesis 4. ^ See Letter to Archbishop, below. The text of this Instruction in Kapp, Sammlung, etc. Ibid! (1721), pp. 117-206. Tschackert has surmised that even the number of the a movie Theses was determined by the number of the paragraphs in this Instruction. There were 94 of these paragraphs, and ibid, of the Theses 94 + 1. Letter! Entstehung d. luth. u. ref. Kirchenlehre (1910), p. Referencing Essays Ibid! 16, note i. ^ The following, based on an unpublished manuscript of Th. Brieger, is an interesting analysis of the contents and subject-matter of the Theses. For the sake of brevity the minor subdivisions are omitted: Introduction. The ideas fundamentally involved in the conception of poenitentia (Th. 1–7). I. Indulgences for souls in purgatory (Th.

8–29). 1. Canonical penalties and the pains of project management, purgatory (Th. 8–19). 2. The relation of the Pope to purgatory (Th. 20–29). II. Indulgences for the living (Th. 30–80).

1. The content and nature of the referencing preaching of indulgences (Th. Cover Letter To Resume! 30–55). 2. The treasury of the Church (Th. 56–66). 3. The duty of the essays regular church-authorities in the matter (Th. Nottingham! 67–80). 1. Essays Ibid! The objections of the laity to the indulgence-traffic (Th. 81–91). 2. The evil motive of the traffic in indulgences, with special reference to the statements of Th.

1–4 (Th. 91–95). H. Hermelink , in Kruger 's Handbuch der Kirchengeschichte (1911), III, 66. ^ Weimar Ed., I, pp. 525 ff. ^ In the original editions the word Jesus appears at writing fort lauderdale, the head of referencing essays, each of the works, and the present editors have retained the use, which was apparently an act of write a movie analysis, obedience to the command, Whatsoever ye do, in word or in deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus (Col. 3:17). ^ See Theses 18-24, 32, 52. ^ See Thesis 75. ^ See Thesis 27. ^ See Theses 5, 6, 20, 21. ^ Gratia infusa, meaning the working of God upon the hearts of men, by means of which their lives become pleasing to God. Cf. Loofs ' Dogmengeschichte, 4th ed., pp. 562 ff. ^Phil. Essays Ibid! 2:12 ^I Pet. 4:18 ^Matt. 7:14 ^Amos 4:11 ^Zech.

3:2 ^ See Thesis 5. ^ See Theses 41–47. ^ See Theses 52-55. ^Matt. 23:24 ^ See Thesis 80. ^ See above, Introduction, p. 22 f. ^ See Theses 21, 33. ^ See Thesis 35, and Introduction, p. 22. ^ viz., The Instruction to the Commissaries. ^Matt. 4:17. Greek, ???????i??; English, repent; German, Bussetun. The Latin and German versions may also be rendered, Do penance; the Greek, on letter, the other hand, can only mean Repent. ^ The Roman theology distinguishes between the guilt and the penalty of sin. See Introduction, p. 19. ^ Decrees of the Church, having the force of law. The canons referred to essays here and nottingham university binding, below (Cf.

Theses 8, 85) are the so-called penitential Canons. See Introduction, p. 17. ^ Commenting on this Thesis in referencing essays ibid, the Resolutions, Luther distinguishes between temporal and virtues and other essays, eternal necessity. Necessity knows no law. Death is the necessity of necessities (Weimar Ed., I, 549; Erl. Essays Ibid! Ed. op. var. arg., II, 166). ^Matt. 13:25 ^ This is not a denial of the power of the keys, i. e., the resume writing lauderdale power to forgive and to retain sin, but merely of the assertion that the power of the keys extends to purgatory. Referencing Ibid! ^ i. e., Merely human doctrine. ^ An alleged statement of the services lauderdale indulgence-vendors. See Letter to Mainz and Introduction. ^ Luther refers again to this story in the Resolutions (Weimar Ed., I, p. 586). The story is that these saints preferred to ibid remain longer in purgatory that they might have greater glory in essay in of, heaven.

Luther adds, Whoever will, may believe in these stories; it is no concern of mine. ^ Luther uses the terms pardon and indulgence interchangeably. ^ For meaning of the term satisfaction, see Introduction, p. 19 f. ^ Privileges entitling their holder to choose his own confessor and relieving him of certain satisfactions. See Introduction, p. Ibid! 22. ^ See above, Thesis 6. On Friendship And Men! ^ i. e., Papal. ^ Cf. Referencing! Thesis 32. ^ The commissioner who sold the letters of indulgence. ^ The best texts read illi, on how to write, it, i. e., the Word of God. The Erl. Ed. has a variant, verbis evangelicis, the words of the Gospel (op. var. Ibid! arg., I, 289). ^ See Introduction, p. 20, note 2. ^ i. e., Threatens with the thunder-bolt of nottingham university thesis, excommunication. ^ See Letter to Mainz, above, p. 26. For repetition and defense of the statement against which Luther here protests, see Disp.

I. Referencing Essays Ibid! Jo Tetzelii, Th. 99-101; Loescher , I, 513. ^ Cf. Thesis 6. ^Thesis 5 and paper, note. ^ Cf. Theses 36, 37. ^ The letter of indulgence entitled its possessor to absolution once in life and in the article of death. ^ During the time when the Jubilee-indulgences were preached, other indulgences were suspended. ^Ezek. Referencing! 13:10 ^ In a letter to Michael Dressel, 22 June, 1516, Luther had written: It is not that man, therefore, whom no one disturbs who has peace—which is, indeed, the project management peace of the world—but he whom all men and referencing ibid, all things harass and nottingham trent university thesis binding, who yet bears all quietly with joy.

You say with Israel: Peace, peace, and referencing essays ibid, there is no peace; say rather with Christ, Cross, cross, and there is essays, no cross. For the cross ceases to be a cross as soon as you say joyfully: Blessed cross, there is no tree like you ( Preserved Smith , Luther, p. 32). ^Acts 14:22 ^ Penitence, repentance, penance, are all translations of this word. See above, p. 29 , note 1. ^ The modus confitendi, or way of confession is the teaching of what sins are to be confessed to the priest and how they are to essays be confessed. The subject is discussed fully by Luther in his Discussion of cover, Confession, below, pp. 81 –102. ^Ps. 120:4 ^ Gr., ????, Lat., post, Eng., after; Gr. ??u?, Lat., mens, Eng., mind. ^ The Greek ????, can also be translated by the Latin trans, which, in compounds, denotes movement from one place, or thing, or condition to another. ^ Lat. Referencing Essays Ibid! transmutatio, the act or process of write paper, changing, not simply a change (mutatio). ^ Transitus mentis. ^Ex.

12:11 ^I Cor. 5:7 ^ The derivation of the term Hebrew is still disputed (v. Referencing Essays! PRE 3 VII, p. 507). Luther conceives it to mean transitor, one who passes through or across the land, a pilgrim. Cf. Genesis 12:6. ^ Burgensis, i. e., Paul of Bourgos (1353-1435). ^Ps.

39 ^ Another bit of Mediaeval philology. ^ See Introduction, p. 19 . ^ Cf. Thesis 1, and foot-note. ^ Here again, as above, we have the double sense of poenitentia. Satisfaction is a part of sacramental penance. Luther's charge is that in essay on friendship in of, preaching the referencing ibid remission of this part of the Sacrament the doctrine of true penitence (cf. Resume Fort Lauderdale! Thesis 1) is passed by. ^ The Ninety-five Theses. ^ Tetzel's reply to essays the Theses (Disputatio II, Jo. How To Write A Movie Analysis! Tetzelii), 1517. Loescher , I, pp.

517 ff. ^ A Latin adage, chorcorus inter olera. Referencing Essays Ibid! ^Ps. For Construction! 138:4 (Vulgate) ^Prov. 21:1 ^John 16:2 ^Ps. 104:33 ^Jer. 1:6 ^ See Introduction, pp. 18 , 21 . ^ i. e., The papal laws regulating the methods of collectors of referencing essays ibid, church-funds. ^Ps. 19:6 ^ The Ninety-five Theses. ^ See Tetzel's IL Disputation, Theses 47, 48.

Loescher , I, p. 522. ^Ps. 24:1. This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. This work was published before January 1, 1923, and how to write a movie, is in the public domain worldwide because the essays author died at on friendship in of mice and men, least 100 years ago.

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Custom History of referencing essays ibid Fossil Fuel Exploration Essay. The history of exploration and use of fossil fuels is centuries-old. People have been burning coal, oil, and gas for very many years (Morris, 2006). Coal, oil, and gas have been the world’s most dominant sources of energy since 1800 A.D. Before the discovery of fossil fuels, people relied on human-generated energy and virtues and other essays, sometimes animal sources. Fossil fuels formed over millions of years are a result of the decomposition process of remains of plants and animals. The decomposition is caused by essays ibid the immense heat and pressure that the university remains have been subjected to. The rate of use of these resources continues to increase in the process of modernization and referencing essays ibid, industrialization.

These fuels are used to run machines, light and heat homes, offices, as well as factories. All the three forms of fossil fuels, oil, coal and gas, have been used to project for construction generate other energy sources such as electricity. The use of fossil fuels in referencing essays ibid, America is extensive. Management For Construction? For example, over 75 million barrels of oil are used on a daily basis in the country (Morris, 2006). Today human life heavily depends on the energy generated by fossil fuels. From the processing/manufacturing industry to transport industries, fossil fuels have been explored, exploited, and used since 1639. After the Second World War, the exploitation and use of fossil fuels has greatly increased.

The industrial revolution thus played an enabling role in expanding the use of fossil fuels, coal in particular. For example, in 1800, the Industrial Revolution that spread to the United States led to the use of fossil fuels to referencing essays ibid operate steam-powered railroads and the whole transport industry. Presently, fossil fuels are the most available form of generating power both for private and commercial use. Petroleum fuels for example are used to run cars. Natural gas and coal are used to provide heat and electricity in homes and industries. In 2005, more than 75% of the total world energy consumption was supplied by fossil fuels. Of the three, petroleum was the leading one providing over 43.4% of the global energy consumption, natural gas catered for 15.6%, while coal catered for 8.3%. In the entire world, North America is the biggest consumer of fossil fuels. Cover To Resume? It uses approximately 25% of all fossil fuels. In the United States, coal remains the energy of choice for many applications. This is due to the fact that coal in comparison to the other forms of fossil fuels is readily available.

The cost of its production is also relatively low when compared to the other forms of fossil fuels. Almost 91% of coal that is produced is used in the generation of referencing electricity in the United States. The exploration, exploitation, and use of fossil fuels over the years have risen to the level that is currently causing sustainability concerns. Of critical concern is the fact that the resources have been used unsustainably, and the world is running out of fossil fuels that have extensively been relied on for private use and commercial purposes since the time of the resume writing lauderdale Industrial Revolution. As a result, more and more countries are applying a great number of mechanisms and structures to referencing ensure that the resources are not depleted and essay in of mice, the resources that are available now are used sustainably. This is done with the focus on ibid the energy needs of the world in the coming years.

The United States has not been left behind either. The country has been struggling to develop and implement energy regulation and use policies that consider the bitter truth that the world is running out of and vices fossil fuels. The Peak Oil Theory. The term “peak oil” is essays ibid, used by experts and scholars in the field of energy to describe the resume point at which the earth’s supply of oil does not meet the referencing essays ibid energy demands, especially considering that oil is not a renewable energy source. This implies that as much and much oil is exploited and used to mice and men meet the energy needs for private and commercial purposes, its exhaustion will be the referencing eventual reality. The theory is associated with M. Cover Letter To Resume? King Herbert who predicted the shortage of oil in the United states in the 1970s. Geologists have continued to warn of the imminent collapse of essays ibid oil supply not only in the U.S. but also globally, with the possibility that this peak would bring technology and commerce down or generally slow down the progression of the two indicators of modernity. According to King Hubbert, the global oil peak would become an inevitable reality by the early 2000s. According to some proponents of the peak oil theory, the average rate of production in an individual oil well grows progressively until the rate of production reaches a peak before it begins to decline. The decline is sometimes very rapid leading to an immediate depletion of oil reserves not only in America but all over the world.

The eventual decline of oil production in the U.S. and the whole world has great implications for the performance of the industrial and commercial sectors. The supply shortfalls of oil have an impact that leads to price inflation of the valuable resource. This in turn causes shortage of energy, adoption of extreme oil conservation measures, as the world is searching for essay on friendship mice and men, alternative sources of referencing essays ibid energy. The oil peak crisis has therefore led to significant changes in the energy use and regulation policies, changes in the lifestyle and technological processes in an attempt to mitigate or ameliorate the world-wide energy crisis. The peak oil theory that alludes to the earth reaching its optimal capacity to produce more oil is justified by the declining oil production levels in countries outside OPEC (Oil Producing and Exporting Countries) and the Former Soviet Union (FSU). An examination of countries outside the essay in of mice and men Former Soviet Union and ibid, OPEC reveals a pattern of nottingham university binding decline in the total oil production since the year 2000.

Most of the countries have already reached their production peaks or are about to reach this level. The only referencing countries that have the potential to expand their oil production are Angola and virtues and other, Brazil. Stagnation of the oil production in most countries has been the consequence of peaking oil production in the North Sea that occurred in 2000. The global onshore oil production reached its plateau stage much earlier in the 1990s and has been declining since then. This decline has led to further shortage of oil, since the offshore only accounts for 50% of the total oil production. The oil supply gap is expected to referencing essays widen even further in the coming years, as most oil reserves within OPEC and countries of the Former Soviet Union reach their production peaks. Further development of services lauderdale production deficit was caused by the production peak of Cantarell in Mexico, which is the world’s biggest offshore field among the top four oil producing fields globally. It started to register a decline in 2005. The increasing decline in oil production in the major reserves means that it would be more and referencing essays, more complicated to sustain the overall oil production levels.

The peak oil theory is thus based on the general proven fact that most of the oil reserves across the globe have entered the plateau phase or are just about to reach this level, leading to shortage in writing lauderdale, supply against the rising demand for oil across the world and essays, especially in developing/industrializing countries. The peak oil theory is based on the analysis of the production trends of writing services lauderdale giant oilfields. Most of the world’s giant oil fields were discovered almost 50 years ago. According to essays ibid geological records, since the 1960s, annual oil discoveries have been decreasing. The peak oil crisis is a global menace in the sense that most Oil Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) and countries in the FSU (Former Soviet Union) are not increasing their production levels, since they have reached their limits. For example, Russia, which is the biggest part of the in of mice Former Soviet Union, is starting to experience a decline in oil production limits. There are also several countries outside OPEC and the FSU that are already in their post-peak stages of oil production. The United States and Mexico, which make up the North Sea production, have already reached their peak and are experiencing a decline in their annual oil production levels. The decline in oil production in the United States and other countries within the North Sea region points to the crisis that the essays world economy is embedded in write a movie analysis, due to the increasing energy demands against the declining supply. Most countries, America included, are therefore looking for and developing alternative energy sources.

Besides, there is the dawning reality and need to referencing essays ibid review the energy regulation policies. However, the greatest impact of the peak oil phenomenon is the fact that the United States having reached its peak level is struggling to gain access to oil reserves in thesis, other countries that have not been exploited so that they can meet the supply-demand gap that its industrial economy is experiencing. A part of the strategy is to develop diplomatic relations with governments of the countries whose oil reserves have not peaked and where more oil reserves are being discovered. This has had an impact on the development, review, and implementation of the U.S. foreign policy, energy policy, and essays ibid, the security policy (Tucker, Roberts Zinni, 2010). In the wake of peak oil, in how to write a movie analysis, most reserves in the U.S, it has been evident that much of the oil reserves that still have the potential to increase and essays, sustain productivity are in virtues and other essays, the Middle East and Africa. Coincidentally, most of the countries with potential oil surplus are predominantly Muslim (Tucker, Roberts Zinni, 2010). Referencing? The assumption that Islamic Fundamentalism is the force behind international terrorism has thus been perceived by most scholars of international relations and political science as war that is not based on eradication of international terrorism. In reality, it aims to gain control over scarce resources, particularly oil. The global conflict characterized by war on essay on friendship mice and men international terror that the U.S has evidently gained control over is thus a war over control of the sources of fossil fuels across the globe. Tucker, Roberts and Zinni (2010) cited that the U.S. is thus fighting against Islamic countries claiming that most international terrorist organizations are led by Muslims.

In fact, the U.S. Essays? security policy, energy and international relations policy are all targeted at one goal, which is gaining access to alternative, cheap, and sustainable sources of energy because of the peak oil crisis, as most of the fossil fuel reserves in the United States register a decline (Tucker, Roberts Zinni, 2010). Peak Oil, 9/11, and the War on letter to resume Terror. The war on terror has been caused and greatly influenced by the unfolding realities in oil reserves that continue to reach their peak. There have been debates over the changes in the U.S. Referencing Ibid? foreign, energy, and security policies (Tucker, Roberts Zinni, 2010). Many of these changes have been made in line with the essay mice rising focus on essays the global war on terror which the write a movie analysis United States is ably leading. Perhaps this explains the reason behind the involvement of the U.S and essays, the U.K. in the Middle East after 9/11. Project For Construction? This region is predominantly Muslim and ibid, is known to be the hub of promising oil reserves that have not reached their peak or where more reserves are being explored (Tucker, Roberts Zinni, 2010).

Palestinians and and men, Muslim inhabitants of the Middle East have taken advantage of the oil reserves they have in the war between Israelis and Palestinians. This explains partly how the referencing essays ibid oil crisis in the United States and the availability of this valuable commodity in the Middle East and Afghanistan led to conflicts. The U.S. was seen to be apparently providing its support for the Israeli side during the war against Palestinians. This made the U.S and nottingham, Israel the target of Al-Qaeda attacks that bombed the U.S. on 9/11. Tucker, Roberts and Zinni (2010) cited that there have been numerous discussions that link the oil factor with the war on terror. The U.S., especially during the essays Bush administration, was seen to fight Muslims on the pretext that they are a threat to the country’s security, especially following the 9/11 attacks that had been planned and executed by Al-Qaeda (Tucker Zinni, 2010). The decision by the Bush administration to deploy over project management, 130000 of U.S. troops in Iraq, Iran, and other predominantly Muslim countries in the Middle East was considered by U.S rivals to be motivated by its interest in controlling the oil reserves.

This falls within the energy policy framework of the United States that sought alternative sources of fossil fuels after the U.S. oil reserves dried out. Rosati Scott (2011) cited that this would explain the reason behind U.S. attacks on Afghanistan, Pakistan, Palestrina, and some other Middle East countries. The U.S. security policy that targets at ibid protection of the thesis U.S. against international terrorist attacks could be just an excuse, while the actual goal is U.S. interests in the Middle East, Central Asia, and Africa where almost 75% of the world’s oil and natural gas are found (Tucker, Roberts Zinni, 2010). The American defense department leads war against international attacks. Essays? This shows a link between energy, security, and foreign policies (Yetiv, 2004). The United States is perceived by many scholars in the field of international relations to be interested not in protecting its sovereignty but its position as the world political, economic and military super-power.

It has been using this position to gain control over oil reserves (Yetiv, 2004). Letter To Resume? The foreign policies, security, and energy policies are thus constantly being reviewed to enhance betterment of the U.S. position in realizing this objective. This explains the relations between the U.S. government and Muslim Federalists in the Middle East and President Obama’s growing interest in Oil Producing and essays, Exporting Countries (OPEC). The target is to cut the foreign exchange costs related to the import of oil, which the on friendship in of mice U.S. aggressively needs for the establishment of its commercial and referencing ibid, industrial sectors (Pill, 2003). The relationship between the U.S. and the Middle East remains sour. This is essay, due to the fact that the referencing ibid Middle East is how to write a movie, very volatile and less amenable in terms of referencing ibid U.S. influence. Nottingham Thesis Binding? This is because of the identification of the United States with Israel, which is a rival nation of the Middle East (Rosati Scott, 2011). U.S oil companies are thus held in a fix, and referencing ibid, they have to first address the resentment of the Middle East against the American government.

Poor relationships between the Middle East and the U. S. are largely caused by the fact that it is predominantly controlled by Islamic fundamentalism. Although U.S foreign, energy and security policies have attempted to address this issue, little progress has been made. U.S. foreign and virtues and vices essays, security policies have been counterproductive with respect to their ability to influence the key oil countries in the direction of U.S. policies. Perhaps the move by the U.S. foreign affairs secretary to build networks with Saudi Arabia is calculated and essays, is aimed at finding alternative energy sources, since Saudi Arabia is the world’s foremost oil producer (Pill, 2003). The internal U.S. energy policy has not been very successful in satisfying internal oil demands of the U.S. (Yetiv, 2004). This is partly because of the challenge of being able to influence US consumers to comply with the tax-induced high oil prices. Virtues And Vices And Other? The energy policy considers this move to referencing essays ibid be the cover letter best step towards the implementation of incentive-based energy savings and achievement of referencing ibid efficiency. It is true that the project United States is the essays ibid largest consumer of fossil fuels in the world. The U.S foreign policy is therefore the consequence of its domestic energy policy, especially with regard to the country’s domestic oil policies. The war against international terror was launched after the project 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Pill (2003) cited that the international war on global terror that is dictated by the peak oil reality in ibid, the United States and other Western countries has thus been caused and guided by the energy crisis in the United States and the issues relating to virtues and vices security. Islamic federalism is thus fought not on the basis of religious fundamentalism, but because of peaking oil reserves. The global war on terror is thus led and directed by energy policies more than national security and referencing, foreign relation policies. The ultimate goal of the war on management terrorists mostly from Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and other Middle East countries is the need to make the Islamic Fundamentalism the orchestrator of global terror attacks. The U.S. department of defense then responds to such situations through deployment of its defense forces into these countries.

These is very evident in cases that led to the incarceration of Saddam Hussein in Iraq, and even the death of the leader of Al-Qaeda, Osama bin Laden in Pakistan (Pill, 2003). Essays Ibid? Religious radicalism that is being witnessed is thus just a pretext for conflicts whose root cause is the struggle by the U.S to gain control over such resources as oil or gas in these countries. U.S. And Vices Essays? energy, foreign, and security policies are thus being harmonized so that this goal can be easily achieved. The war against international terrorism is being keenly looked at by students of international relations and globalization. According to referencing essays ibid most scholars, the war on international terror has taken a twist and is not just based on religious radicalism but rather on access to and control over valuable resources such as oil and other forms of fossil fuels in the wake of the cover peak oil, as espoused in the peak oil theory. The United States is thus affecting its foreign, security, and energy policies not on the basis of some real needs of the country, but out referencing of the determined resolve to develop diplomatic political relationships with Oil Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC). Perhaps this explains why President Barrack Obama has been interested in the Muslim community so as to build relations with them. A long-term goal is to acquire access to the oil reserves in the countries of the Middle East in order to trent university sustain America’s energy needs.

Alternative Energy as US Alternative Strategy. According to some forecasts of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the residential energy use in the United States is bound to increase by approximately 25% by 2025 (Kowalski, 2011). As oil reserves continue to reach their peak and decline in the annual oil output, strategies and alternatives have to be sought. Although the United States has appeared to be reaching out to some countries in the Middle East through its foreign policy strategies, these efforts are apparently not about to yield any better results. This is because of the perception of Muslim Federalists that the United States is not genuinely interested in protecting its sovereignty and securing its borders. Referencing Ibid? U.S. security, foreign, and cover letter, policies are perceived to disguise the referencing ibid real goal of the U.S., which is to gain access to countries that are rich in oil.

In fact, the U.S government is write paper, perceived to be promoting international wars and conflicts so as to take advantage of and gain control over countries rich in oil. Some examples that have been mentioned are the essays penetration of U.S. troops into Iran, Iraq, and management, Palestine. Such a scenario point to referencing essays ibid the fact that it is project, high time alternative strategies were pursued. In the essays ibid wake of the declining oil supply, increasing demand for the commodity in commercial and domestic spheres, war on management for construction international terrors, and national security, the only alternative that the United States has is to be self-reliant. Self-reliance and sustainability in terms of access to energy that is adequate enough to drive the essays American economy must thus be a priority for the U.S. The key to winning this war is cover to resume, not anywhere else apart from finding renewable sources of referencing ibid energy. These are energy sources that are replenished by themselves even as they continue being exploited and used. These include solar, water, geothermal, wind, biomass, and other renewable sources of energy. The areas in the U.S that have good wind resources have the and vices essays potential to supply approximately 20% of the U.S electricity consumption needs.

Geothermal and hydroelectric sources of energy can also greatly contribute to the enhanced energy output in essays, the United States (Kowalski, 2011). In order for the U.S. to nottingham university appear genuinely committed to fighting against international terrorism, enhancing its national security, the solution is not in reviewed foreign and security policies but in the development of alternative energy policies and encouraging a supportive public policy on renewable energy. The United States needs to invest in the development and production of alternative sources of energy. Ibid? The United States Department of Energy (DOE) thus needs to explore options for developing nuclear, geothermal, and hydropower sources. Instead of fighting against nations that are developing their alternative energy sources, the United States ought to raise public awareness on the benefits of renewable energy sources for commercial and domestic purposes (Kowalski, 2011). Thus, there should be continuous investment in the production of renewable sources of energy that translates into the replacement of fossil fuels with renewable sources.

Besides, security and foreign policies should not be politicized and directed by energy needs of the United States. How To Write Analysis Paper? This has been the reason why the sincerity of the Department of Defense in its war against referencing essays ibid, international terror especially after 9/11 has been doubted. Thus the success, effectiveness, and international approval of the war on terror can only be achieved through finding some lasting and sustainable sources of energy by the United States. The United States’ energy, security, and foreign policies have been greatly influenced by the peak oil crisis that is faced by most of the countries across the globe. As the U.S. experiences shortage in oil, it is increasingly spreading its tenets to other countries through its foreign policy to gain access to cheaper and essays, reliable sources of referencing essays ibid oil. Therefore, the and other war on international terror that initially appeared to be based on referencing essays religious radicalism targeting at Muslim fundamentalists has since taken a shift and appears to be directed by the peak oil realities that are unfolding not only in the United States but also in numerous countries across the globe.

The solution to this issue is thus to be found in the development of alternative renewable energy sources. U.S. foreign, energy, and security policies have thus been reviewed and are almost being merged into one. Custom History of Fossil Fuel Exploration Essay. 95% of satisfied returning customers Customer support 24/7/365 The largest source database A wide range of services Privacy guaranteed Certified writers only Custom-written papers only Direct communication with a writer Free plagiarism report(on demand) Free revision upon request more details Your writers are masters at time management. I turned in an order for four very difficult papers, and they were all written perfectly, even with the essay in of mice and men short deadline notice.

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