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Spanish vocab for essays

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A Sample Gym #038; Fitness Center Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a gym or fitness center? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample gym or fitness center business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Spanish For Essays. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a gym/fitness center. We also took it further by analyzing and questions drafting a sample gym/fitness center marketing plan template backed up by spanish vocab actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for gym/fitness centers. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Executive Summary Market Analysis SWOT Analysis Financial Projection Marketing Plan Marketing ideas Strategies. If you very much agree with the saying that goes ‘ health is wealth’, then you may also very well agree that one of the ways of staying healthy is by keeping fit and having a good BMI. It is essay, very important to not be complacent when the issue of staying fit comes to fore.

This is one of the reasons why there has been the craze for fitness lately all over the globe. Those who are particular about spanish vocab staying fit know that it is a part of life. In the United States of history introductions, America for instance; the rate at which folks get obese have continued to be an alarming thing. This is no thanks to the junk type of diet that these folks subject themselves to. However, truth is that one can curb being obese and spanish vocab even totally eradicate those unwanted fats in the body by essay introductions simply enrolling in a gym and eating healthy. This is one of the sole aims which those who are in the gym business try to pass across. How Easy Is It to Start a Gym Business? Starting a gym is vocab for essays, a very interesting and profitable venture. This is because much more than wanting to help other people realize their weight goals, you also can keep and stay fit always.

It is pertinent to state that it might be a little capital intensive, as you will have to procure all valuable and vital exercising equipment that will promote your business. You do not want to be found wanting when clients call for history essay certain types of equipment. Vocab For Essays. You will also need to hire the best of instructors that can assist the people reach their goals pretty faster and essay systematically. One of the basic steps that you will need to vocab take if you want to start on the right path of any business at all is by writing a business plan. Essay Of Michigan. This also applies to spanish vocab for essays the gym business. You will need to put pen down the various sales projections you have, your vision, mission and all what not. This is introductions, so that you can have the opportunity to always refer to the drawing board whenever it things seem vague. Spanish For Essays. Writing a business plan to many may not come easy, but the truth is that you can use an existing template to write yours.

Here below is a sample Gym business plan that you can effectively use to write yours. A Sample Gym Fitness Center Business Plan Template. Gym business is for university of michigan, gaining more grounds in recent times as it was in the 20th century. People are now more aware of the immeasurable benefits they stand to gain when they enroll in spanish vocab for essays a gym. It is now obvious to a myriad of people that they can stay healthy, improve their lifestyle and live longer if they exercised regularly. Statistics has it that there is a steady increase in the number of people that enroll in gyms and the fact that gym facilities is now closer to residential areas make this possible. In order words, with the increase in the number of people that enroll in gyms, comes the increase in the revenue generated by gyms.

Some people enroll in admission essay gyms not because they don’t have the money to for essays purchase some of the basic gym equipment, but because exercising regularly requires discipline and essay that is part of what they stand to get when they enroll in a gym with an instructor at hand. Loads of factors are responsible for the springing up of gyms in various locations in spanish for essays the United States of America; chief amongst them is the bmat section 3 essays rise in vocab for essays the number of obese people. Being obese is a risk to one’s health, which is why obese people who thoroughly want to stay healthy and fit enroll in history introductions gyms that are close to them. Different people visit gyms and spanish vocab fitness centers for various reasons. Some people register in bmat the gym basically to shed some weight through proper exercising, whilst others go to the gym to train and spanish increase their biceps (muscles) i.e. body building and other enroll in gym for cardio sessions et al. History. Researchers, engineers, health and vocab for essays fitness experts are always improvising and letter inventing fitness equipment that can help people and gym owners achieve their aims. Although gym equipment can be expensive, but the truth is that most of the equipment last longer if they are well utilized.

Aside from the fact that they last longer, acquiring any gym equipment is an investment that is worth the while. Starting a gym business in the United States of vocab, America is less stressful; it requires enough cash to equip the gym facility to meet the standard expected by gym users. As a matter of fact, building a swimming pool around the gym facility is good a level essay questions, one of the vocab factors that could attract clients to enroll in introductions gyms. The gym industry is not going to go out of fashion anytime soon, but rather the number of people that enroll in gyms will continue to be on the increase and that of course will translate to spanish vocab for essays more monies for gym owners. Sample Fitness Center Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. The trend in the gym and cover for event coordinator position with no experience fitness industry is such that if a gym is well positioned in a residential area or a place where people can easily access without much stress, there is the likelihood that the vocab for essays gym will enjoy high patronage. Just like in other business venture, the owner of gyms and critical fitness clubs are always looking for ways to increase their market share; they go as far as signing deals with high schools and also offer home services. What they do is that they offer pro vocab, bono services for essay a period of time, and then thereafter introduce a fee gradually and before too long they would have successfully converted some of the people that benefited from their pro bono services to loyal members. Spanish For Essays. It is common trend that as gyms grow, it becomes necessary for them to develop new service offerings or install new facilities that will help them attract more people. Section 3 Essays. Little wonder some gyms now have juice bars within their facility to encourage people towards healthy drinking.

In order words, it is very important for gyms to spanish vocab continue to improvise if they want to grow their business and generate their target revenues. Bmat. The target market for spanish gyms cuts across people of different walks of in pakistan, life. The fact that people register in gyms and fitness clubs for for essays various reasons makes marketing the business interesting. The target market for gym and fitness centers can be categorized into three various groups. The first group is the cover coordinator position no experience people who are looking towards shedding some weight through proper exercising and under the vocab guidance of a qualified instructor.

The other group of admission essay for university of michigan, people are those who are interested in building their biceps (body building), and spanish for essays the last group of people are those who just want to enroll for cardio sessions under the watchful eyes of a qualified trainer. A Level History. These sessions are a combination of light weights, treadmills and bikes. Spanish Vocab. Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club will work towards providing services, facilities and environment that will help us reach out to admission of michigan our target market. Vocab For Essays. These are the category of people that we intend marketing our gym and fitness club to; Corporate Executives Business People Household Sportsmen and Sportswomen Schools Young Couples. Our Competitive Advantage.

Fit as Fiddle Gym and for university of michigan Fitness Club is centrally located in a densely populated – residential area in Irving, Texas; this is obviously going to give us an edge amongst our competitors. We equally have a team of highly qualified professionals who will work with all our clients to achieve their aims or enrolling in our gym and lastly our membership package is one of the spanish vocab for essays best that anybody living in Texas can get; it is cheap and affordable. We can confidently say that the location of our gym will definitely count as a positive for us amongst any competitor that might start a gym and fitness business in same location where ours is located. Admission Essay For University Of Michigan. We will continue to work hard to ensure continuous improvement in our facility and for essays service delivery. As a matter of fact, our services will be second to none in Texas. Sample Gym Business Plan Template SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Bmat 3 Essays. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. Our marketing strategies will be directed towards achieving specific objectives that support the strategic goals of the organization. The truth is spanish vocab for essays, that all that we do will be geared towards creating new market channels, increasing sales and increase our market share. We will leverage on in pakistan, improving on our services and facility to ensure that we win new clients and retain old members.

At Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club, our marketing strategies will be consistent throughout the marketing mix and we will take into consideration product improvement, promotion, and price. As part of our sales and marketing strategies, we will pay attention to for essays the promotion of essay on poverty in pakistan, our gym so as to attract people to vocab for essays enroll and become members of our gym. Our unique selling proposition is that we are well positioned and people can easily access our facility, our prices are affordable and we have a complete package for families. Good History Questions. Parts of the marketing and sales strategies that we will adopt are; Open our gym and fitness club with a big party in vocab the neighborhood. Advertise our gym and fitness club on national dailies, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our gym and fitness club online via our official website and all available social media platforms Continuously Improve the performance of our brands Hire the services of experts to make our brands the first choice for people in Irving, Texas Deliver consistent customer experiences to all our members; making our first impression count positively to those making use of our gym facility for the first time Make use of attractive hand bills to create awareness and also to give direction to our gym and fitness club Adopt direct mailing coupon marketing approach Position our signage / flexi banners at strategic places Create a loyalty plan that will enable us reward our consistent members especially those that registered as a family Engage on road shows within our neighborhood to create awareness for our gym and fitness club. Our Pricing Strategy. Our pricing system is going to good a level history questions be based on what is obtainable in the industry, we don’t intend to spanish vocab for essays charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we don’t intend to critical essay charge less than what our competitors charge their members in Irving, TX. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to for essays offer discount services once in a while and also to a level essay reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to spanish for essays us or when they register as a family. The prices of our services will be same as what is bmat section, obtainable in the United States’ open market.

Our payment policy is for essays, all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available to critical study clients who want to make payment / register for our gym program; Payment by spanish for essays cash Payment by check Payment via Point of cover coordinator with, Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any difficulty. Sample Fitness Center Business Plan Template Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club is in Irving for serious business, which is why we have identified key platforms that will enable us achieve our goal of spanish for essays, promoting and advertising our business so as to essay attract the crop of people that we designed our business for. We have been able to enter into alliance with key stakeholders in Irving, Texas to help us use their good will to promote our business. We will ensure that we leverage on spanish, all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to promote our gym and fitness club. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on essay, to promote and advertise Sean and Sharon Hotel, Las Vegas; Encourage our loyal members to spanish for essays help us use Word of Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our gym and fitness club in sports magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our gym and fitness club online via our official website List our gym and fitness club on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community sport events Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on for event with no experience, strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach to spanish introduce our gym and fitness club to residence Engage in road show from time to 3 essays time to create awareness of our gym and fitness club in the residential areas around our facility Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas. These are the types of vocab for essays, exercise equipment that we will make available in in pakistan our gym and fitness center; Resistance bands Weight machines Flexion machines Pull-up bars Wall bars Weight training Elliptical trainer Street Strider (elliptical cross trainer on wheels) Exercise machine Dumbbell Kettle bell Exercise Fitness (biology) Treadmills Hojo undo Pull-up bar Medicine balls Boxing Gear Gym flooring Barbells Cable Attachments Weight plates Benches Wearable items as proper footgear, gloves, and hydration packs.

Filing Cabinets Notice board Employee Uniform. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club. Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club is a family business and it will be financed by spanish vocab for essays the owner who is also the cover letter with no experience gym manager. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for spanish Fit as Fiddle Gym and Fitness Club; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from family members and friends (soft loans and gifts et al) Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the banks (loan facility). Sample Gym Fitness Center Business Plan Template Sustainability and Expansion Strategy.

We are in business to make profits and to build a popular gym and fitness brand in Irvin, Texas, hence we must do all it takes to grow the business and to ensure that the business survives generation after generation. Part of the essay on poverty plans we have put in place to sustain our business is to vocab ensure that we continue to deliver quality services, acquire latest gym and fitness equipment and improvise on better and good a level essay cheaper packages four members and intended members. Our workers will sure continue to vocab enjoy working with us because we will deliberately make it our work environment very conducive and good history essay accommodating. Furthermore, we are quite aware that our customers are key components to the growth and survival of our business hence we are going to continuously engage them to give us ideas on how to serve them better. We will not waste time in diversifying our services; expand our product and service offerings once the need arises.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Acquiring facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the spanish vocab for essays bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and letter for event other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of spanish vocab, Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed gym and fitness equipment, electronic appliances, office appliances and suppliers: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and good introductions Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress.

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LOUIS XIV (FRANCE) (1638 #x2013; 1715; ruled 1643 #x2013; 1715) LOUIS XIV (FRANCE) (1638 #x2013; 1715; ruled 1643 #x2013; 1715), king of France. Hailed as le Dieudonn #xE9; , 'the God-given', Louis XIV was the first child of Louis XIII (1601 #x2013; 1643) and Anne of Austria (1601 #x2013; 1661), born twenty-three years into their marriage. Ascending the throne at the age of four, Louis XIV was educated under the tutelage of his godfather and chief minister, Jules Cardinal Mazarin (1602 #x2013; 1661), and under the day-to-day watch of his governor, Nicolas de Neufville, first marshal-duke de Villeroi (1644 #x2013; 1730). The young king received not a scholarly education in the classics, but a practical education in history, diplomacy, war, and spanish the arts, while his preceptor Hardouin de P #xE9; r #xE9; fixe guided his spiritual development under the direction of the Queen Mother Anne, imbuing in good history Louis a distaste for heterodoxy, and associated disorder, of any kind.

His formative experiences came during the Fronde (1648 #x2013; 1653), when he was directly awakened to spanish for essays the potential instability lurking in the kingdom as other forces sought to share in the crown's sovereign powers and remove Mazarin from the government and the kingdom. The events of these years, and Louis's exposure to the wider social and good essay questions economic problems of spanish vocab for essays France during his military progresses, taught him to mistrust the ambitions of peers and of senior princes of the blood and bred an awareness in him of the essay need for far tighter regulation of the leading institutions of the kingdom. The declaration of the young king's majority, two days after his thirteenth birthday on 7 September 1651, produced some rallying of support for the crown. But it was not until 1654, the year of the coronation (7 June), that the government reestablished military control over France. For the rest of the 1650s Mazarin led the government, while Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, marshal-v #xEE; comte de Turenne (1611 #x2013; 1675), trained the king in the art of war.

In these years Mazarin did not involve Louis in spanish vocab the details of administration but did seek to keep him informed of developments, particularly on diplomatic and strategic issues, while encouraging him to bmat establish his chivalric leadership of the kingdom. THE REFORM OF GOVERNMENT AND FINANCES. By the time of Mazarin's death on 9 March 1661, Louis XIV had already shown himself to for essays be an astute military commander, a skill that he would retain all the way up to his last personal campaign in 1693. He was also regarded as an excellent horseman, a noted conversationalist with an extraordinary memory for people, and, in the cultural sphere, a good musician and one of the very best dancers at court. Furthermore, he had been married to the Infanta Marie-Th #xE9; r #xE8; se of Spain since June 1660 as part of the peace settlement of the Pyrenees, and she was now one month pregnant with the future dauphin (1661 #x2013; 1711).

But Louis had little experience of governing, and it was expected that Mazarin would be succeeded as minister-favorite, most probably by Michel Le Tellier (1603 #x2013; 1685). Good History Essay Questions. What nobody anticipated was Louis's decision to assume control of the reins of government himself and his determination to maintain a grip on affairs (albeit a fluctuating grip) for the rest of his reign. Between March and September 1661 there was a minor revolution in spanish for essays French government during which the person of the king assumed center stage: the inner council (conseil d'en haut) was reduced in size to include only a handful of bmat senior ministers whose advice was given candidly and accepted with almost perennial good grace. After the fall of Nicolas Fouquet (1615 #x2013; 1680), the spanish vocab for essays surintendant of finances, there was greater transparency in financial transactions, with the king reserving to himself the good a level essay right to approve every financial decision of the central government, even if successive controllers general of finance continued to spanish for essays dominate financial business. Louis XIV did not favor major overhauls of the system of government that would unsettle the kingdom, but he was willing to entertain considerable administrative reforms insofar as they diminished disorder, encouraged stability, and enhanced his own regal power.

Indeed, it is fair to letter for event coordinator say that some very dramatic changes occurred during his reign not through any increase in state bureaucracy but through changes in regulations and financial arrangements. Using the provincial intendants as a tool for preventing abuses and malpractice by the venal officeholders, Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619 #x2013; 1683), as senior intendant of finances from September 1661 and then controller general from spanish 1665 until his death in position no experience 1683, managed to bring the chaotic fiscal system of spanish vocab for essays taxation and borrowing to its optimum efficacy. However, when the demands of war grew in the 1690s and 1700s and net revenue as a proportion of gross revenue declined once again to the dismal levels of the 1640s, two major reforms had to be introduced that did challenge the social basis of the country, undermining the entire system of lay privileged exemption from direct taxation. In 1695 #x2013; 1698 the capitation imposed a graduated poll tax upon all French subjects from the a level dauphin down, and this was reintroduced permanently in 1701. And then in 1710 the dixi #xE8; me, a tax of one-tenth of personal income regardless of status, was brought in, lasting until 1721. In spite of setbacks in spanish the 1700s, the reforms of finance in an era of economic stagnation enabled the crown to section sustain stronger and larger armed forces than ever before during Louis XIV's personal rule.

France had almost no navy to speak of in spanish vocab for essays 1661 (ten warships and twelve frigates), but Colbert was immediately given the task of working with the grand master of navigation, the duke de Beaufort, to increase the number of vessels; and by good a level essay the end of 1663 he had brought the galley fleet in the Mediterranean within his own orbit. The great leap forward in vocab for essays the size of the fleet and in administrative and port infrastructure came in the years 1669 to 1673, and in spite of the belief that Louis XIV lacked personal interest in the navy, he gave considerable support both to Colbert and then his son Seignelay in their efforts to create and essay introductions maintain by 1689 the largest battle fleet in Europe. Only during the final years of the War of the spanish vocab League of Augsburg (1688 #x2013; 1697) after 1695, and during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701 #x2013; 1714) after 1705, did it prove impossible to sustain such a navy. For University Of Michigan. The crown was consequently forced to rely much more on for essays privateering at sea. Louis took a far stronger interest in the reforms of the army. With the king's close involvement, Michel Le Tellier and bmat section 3 essays particularly his son, the marquis de Louvois, gradually overhauled a highly complex system of regulations and financial structures to spanish equip France with an army that, by 1693, stood at admission essay of michigan, around 330,000 men. Vocab. Their sheer attention to detail prevented on history essay occasion what would otherwise have been a series of logistical breakdowns.

That the extreme difficulties of the War of the Spanish Succession did not produce a military collapse can be attributed to spanish for essays the earlier structural and administrative reforms that had transformed the ramshackle forces of Louis's minority into, for all its defects, the for event coordinator position most admired and feared army on the Continent. The developing army and navy of France were there essentially to enhance the interests of the Bourbon dynasty internationally, and French foreign policy was very much the spanish vocab king's own, albeit based on advice from his inner ministers. Throughout his reign Louis XIV aimed at securing for himself the most senior status among European princes in an age when the concept of an equality of sovereign states did not exist, and when most rulers pushed claims that others found outrageous at one time or another. In the first part of the personal rule, between 1661 and 1674, Louis pursued a foreign policy of single-minded vainglory in a determined effort to a level essay facilitate further dismemberment of the spanish vocab Spanish Habsburg empire and, after 1668, reduce the United Provinces of the Netherlands to good essay questions humble submission. But the spanish failure to conquer the essay United Provinces, the entry of Emperor Leopold I (ruled 1658 #x2013; 1705) into spanish vocab for essays, the Dutch War in August 1673, a difficult winter in the Rhineland, and the subsequent French retreat into the southern Netherlands seems to have been a sobering experience for Louis, who after 1673 #x2013; 1674 sought to consolidate and strengthen his hold in and around Alsace while rebuilding and constructing anew a chain of fortifications on his northern and northeastern frontiers to cover letter for event coordinator with no experience defend against invasion. Such apparently defensive concerns were, however, not satisfied by the Treaty of Nijmegen in 1678, precipitating Louis over the following six years into highly aggressive seizures of strategically vital territory based on dubious legal title #x2014; the vocab for essays r #xE9; unions #x2014; that antagonized German princes and drove them to critical seek support against France from the imperial Habsburg court in Vienna.

The growing influence of the vocab for essays Austrian Habsburgs within the Holy Roman Empire, both in Germany and northern Italy, in letter for event coordinator no experience turn compelled Louis to spanish engage from the early 1680s in heavy-handed political manipulation at smaller European courts to history essay questions secure Bourbon influence and indirectly to protect the gains he had made and the status he now enjoyed as head of Europe's leading dynasty. Spanish Vocab For Essays. Failing to entrench his territorial gains in the brief War of the R #xE9; unions (1683 #x2013; 1684), Louis, encouraged by critical essay Louvois, became increasingly anxious about for essays, growing Habsburg strength. In a desperate attempt to secure greater security for letter with Alsace, in September 1688 Louis seized the key Rhine fortress of Philippsburg in the hope that this would force the empire to negotiate a definitive settlement of spanish vocab Rhineland territorial issues. Instead it precipitated the greatest conflict of the critical study essay reign thus far. Having subsequently forced the vocab for essays Dutch Republic, Spain, and Great Britain also to declare war upon him between November 1688 and May 1689, Louis's insensitive attack on the interests of the duke of Savoy, Victor Amadeus II, a year later earned him another theater of operations he could ill afford. The pressure of the 3 essays war by June 1693 forced Louis, under the influence of spanish for essays increasingly moderate and letter for event coordinator position chastened advisors, to abandon his excessive demands and to consider returning most of the r #xE9; union territories to their owners; to negotiate with William III about his succession in Great Britain after the Glorious Revolution; and to make huge concessions to for essays Savoy in order to critical essay neutralize Italy. Even so, over three more years of demanding and for essays exhausting war were required, in the context of a catastrophic famine that pushed the French population down by perhaps 10 percent, before Savoy could be bought off in the Treaty of Turin (June 1696) and a general peace signed with France's other enemies at critical study essay, Ryswick (September and October 1697).

All this left France ill equipped to deal with the looming issue of the Spanish succession, as the ailing Charles II moved toward his death in November 1700. To try to avert war, Louis XIV and William III signed two successive partition treaties for the Spanish empire in October 1698 and March 1700, but Charles II himself wanted instead to vocab for essays maintain the unity of his territories, so the dying Spanish king willed them all to the one power that might be able to hold them together: France, in essay the person of Philippe, duke d'Anjou, second grandson of Louis XIV. A conflict with the vocab Austrian Habsburgs was inevitable, but the essay decisions to seize fortresses in the Spanish Netherlands and exclude the British from the lucrative Spanish slave trade in the early spring of spanish vocab 1701 ensured that any war would once again include Britain and the United Provinces among the anti-French belligerents. France was pushed out of good southern Germany and lost her Bavarian ally in 1704, and Philip V of Spain faced allied campaigning on the Iberian mainland from that year on. The Bourbons were expelled from northern Italy and Naples in vocab for essays 1706 #x2013; 1707 and from the southern Netherlands in 1708, while in 1709 #x2013; 1710 another somewhat less disastrous but still severe famine struck France. But the tide turned in 1710 #x2013; 1711 with Bourbon successes in Spain, and with changes of regime in Britain and Austria that affected the geostrategic considerations of the various powers.

The War of the Spanish Succession consequently ended in 1713 #x2013; 1714 with France securing Spain itself and her overseas colonies for Philip V, while the Austrians received most of the rest of the Spanish European possessions, and history essay Savoy was temporarily awarded Sicily. Territorially, France emerged considerably larger and spanish vocab for essays more secure from Louis XIV's reign, acquiring most notably Roussillon (1659), Franche-Comt #xE9; (1674), and good essay Alsace (1648 and 1678), as well as establishing serious colonies and trading posts in the Americas and western Africa. It is true that Louis XIV's foreign policies had brought hundreds of thousands of vocab for essays deaths, but this cannot be put down to a callous disregard for the fate of his own or foreign subjects. Critical Essay. In fact, Louis was genuinely anxious to minimize casualties in warfare. Spanish. But he was the most assertive and best-resourced individual in critical study essay an international and cultural system that had an inbuilt tendency to vocab resolve differences through arms, and in which its sovereign players could not afford to essay on poverty show too much understanding for vocab for essays the legitimate economic or dynastic interests of their rivals. THE REGULATION OF A STATUS-BASED SOCIETY.

A similar problem afflicted domestic state management during the mid- to late-seventeenth century. The rivalries of families and the personal ambitions of individuals, articulated in social and legal terms at all levels of the propertied hierarchy, militated against an easy resolution of disputes. Colbert's determined campaign in the 1660s to emphasize that all privileges and a level history rights stemmed from the will of the king (and could be just as easily revoked) certainly helped to encourage a sense of strong royal authority in the legal sphere. This was aided by the 1665 Grands Jours investigations into lawless nobles and bandits in spanish for essays the Auvergne in tandem with the Parlement of Paris, and essay it was carried forward after 1679 by spanish repeated edicts against dueling and in favor of litigation before royal officials to settle disputes. History Essay. But Louis XIV had come to realize full well by 1661 that the instability of France was rooted primarily in her political culture. The Fronde was not the last gasp of spanish vocab a feudal noble class but a struggle for political and military precedence within the upper noble elites who, in the context of a breakdown in state finances during a royal minority, had no other choice but to assert their own status claims #x2014; backed up, if necessary, by military force. Removing the letter for event coordinator position exposed figure of a chief minister after 1661 was but a partial solution to the difficulties. Louis remained well aware that his ministers had their own private interests to further, and vocab for essays this was as much the case with court appointments, or military commands, as it was with architectural projects, so the active balancing of ministers and great nobility required considerable effort that this king was prepared to make. Far more likely to entrench political quiescence in the long run was a remodeling of the system of patronage and clientage and essay a concerted effort to spanish vocab break the automatic link between service and expectation of reward.

Even if he still relied on other people's recommendations, by 1672 Louis insisted that virtually all military, naval, and ecclesiastical commissions come from his own person. Furthermore, by maintaining multiple channels of access to his person at court for different groups, families, and individuals, he ensured that no one faction or person (including ministers) could dominate his decisions over patronage. On top of this, he expanded the amount of largesse, both monetary and honorific, disbursed by the crown, while widening the pool of potential recipients. All this contributed to a serious dilution of the admission patronage power of vocab individual grandees. In Pakistan. With the partial exception of vocab his own brother Orl #xE9; ans, for a level history questions the most part the dukes, peers, and senior military officers now became patronage brokers for spanish for essays the crown rather than direct providers of opportunities for the lesser nobility. Letter For Event With No Experience. Always concerned for the future of the monarchy, Louis allied this policy of supervising patronage distribution with closely managing the upbringing of his offspring and vocab descendants to an extreme extent in controlling their households. And if he made extensive military use of illegitimate princes (of his own body and those of his ancestors), he was loath to trust the letter coordinator position with erstwhile Frondeur branches of the Bourbon, the Cond #xE9; and Conti, whose interests he encouraged only so far as was commensurate with the interests of the wider Bourbon dynasty.

The aim in all this was to prevent another Fronde from ever happening again. Only at the very end of the reign, in 1714, when he had lost his son, two of his three grandsons (the dukes of Burgundy and Berry), and one of his great-grandsons to smallpox, did Louis XIV depart from the spanish established dynastic rules when he wrote the bastard lines of the House of essay on poverty in pakistan France into the succession. Although there was some sense in spanish vocab trying to avoid future succession wars by laying down an critical study order of precedence in the event of the disappearance of all the legitimate Bourbon branches, this was bitterly resented by the great nobility and was overturned by the regent Philippe II, duc d'Orl #xE9; ans, in 1717. The royal urge to for essays preserve and impose order in the political field was also manifested in the arena of high culture. The growing presence of royal patronage in the arts and coordinator no experience sciences after 1661 is for essays better attributed to Colbert than the king himself, with the good essay most notable advances being the foundation of the vocab Academy of Inscriptions and Belle-Lettres in 1663 and the reform of the Academy of Painting and Sculpture the same year, followed by the foundation of the Academy of Sciences in 1666, and three years later that of the cover for event coordinator position Royal Academy of Music.

Moreover, between 1667 and 1672 Colbert oversaw the building of the Paris Observatory. Yet, if Colbert was the vocab for essays driving instrument who encouraged intellectuals and admission essay artists to spanish view the crown as the foremost patron, it was Louis who set the tone and the taste and was the leading collector of objets d'art of his age. The king also took a very close interest in architectural projects, in particular the transformation of Versailles after 1669 from a relatively small hunting retreat to the largest palace complex in Europe by the mid-1680s. By and large Louis favored the classical over the baroque, in on poverty in pakistan sculpture, architecture, and garden design, and in spite of the growing vogue for portraits of all manner of people, the king himself set great store by for essays religious art. Louis XIV's preference for religious art was hardly surprising, for he was a devout Catholic, in spite of his several mistresses (most notably Louise de La Valli #xE8; re [1644 #x2013; 1710] and Fran #xE7; oise, marquise de Montespan [1641 #x2013; 1707]) and essay in pakistan the numerous bastards he fathered before 1680. Spanish. Louis was sincere about protecting his subjects' souls and throughout his reign encouraged charitable giving. In 1693 #x2013; 1694, at the height of the famine, Pontchartrain, the controller general of finance, was ordered to organize grain imports from essay abroad and facilitate food transport within the country on a scale never previously attempted by vocab France. But Louis was not just a charitable Christian prince. He was also instinctively hostile to anything that smacked of the heterodox, in particular Jansenism, which, under strong Jesuit influence, he equated with rebellion. By the early 1680s the essay king's increasingly devout attitude to spanish vocab personal morality and worship, encouraged by his second wife, Fran #xE7; oise d'Aubign #xE9; , marquise de Maintenon (1635 #x2013; 1719), whom he married in 1683, had become allied to his fear of religious disorder as manifested by Jansenism and the Huguenots. This combination of attitudes flowed together with a desire to for event live up to his title of Eldest Son of the vocab for essays Church at a time when Emperor Leopold I was pushing the Turks back in good history essay the Balkans and spanish when relations between France and good essay introductions the papacy were in tatters over the r #xE9; gale dispute (when Louis extended the royal right to gather the revenues of vacant episcopal sees to spanish for essays areas of the kingdom that had previously been immune).

Despite attempts by Colbert and Louvois to restrain persecution of Protestants by some intendants, Louis became increasingly convinced that forced conversions were effectual, an approach that culminated in the Edict of Fontainebleau in September 1685, which revoked all rights for Huguenots. Even when it became clear to ministers and generals by 1689 that this revocation had created a potentially dangerous fifth column inside France (which erupted in the vicious revolt of the Camisards in bmat section 3 essays 1702 #x2013; 1705), the king's religious conscience would not allow him to restore Huguenot rights. Thus far, Louis XIV's religious policies were coherently Catholic and Gallican, zealous in defense of the temporal independence of the French church from Rome. But the vocab repair of good a level history relations with the papacy in the 1690s, plus the resurfacing of the Jansenist controversy after 1703, pushed him into accepting ultramontane, pro-papal positions held by the Sorbonne. Eventually he solicited and accepted the 1713 papal bull Unigenitus, which condemned Jansenism but simultaneously mounted a full-scale attack on Gallican liberties, a move that did immense long-term damage to the Bourbon monarchy's image as the defender of France and French interests. If order could be consciously pursued through state policies, Louis XIV was nevertheless also the beneficiary of changing attitudes to social and political life in the mid-seventeenth century, and in particular a growing distaste for personal violence. The need to display honn #xEA; te behavior was not merely restricted to domestic social situations, but applied equally to public social behavior.

The need for restraint, politeness, and spanish vocab for essays self-discipline in deportment as well as language was emerging as the cornerstone of an ethical order to which one simply had to cover letter coordinator with subscribe if one wished to spanish for essays remain a sociable being. What is more, the disorderly and chaotic Fronde, erupting just as such ideals were entering French cultural life, had the effect of reinforcing enthusiasm for obedience and decorum in both the social and essay the political fields. Louis XIV personally encouraged stronger discipline and self-control at court, in his armies and fleets, and in the church, so that such nostrums percolated through noble society and contributed to growing domestic stability in spanish this period. Throughout his reign, Louis XIV had placed the Bourbon dynasty, the Catholic faith, and the royal court at the center of his existence, and he had been highly mindful of the interests and outlooks of his propertied subjects. Nevertheless, compromise and cooperation had its limits, and it would be a misleading oversimplification to see this as a monarchy engaged in the revivification of feudalism in conjunction with a landed noble class. In the first instance, the French nobility was in study essay no sense a coherent class, andsociety as a whole was pervaded bymyriadcorporate andfamilial loyalties andinterests.

Moreover, for all the king's skill in trying to harmonize his own interests with those of his propertied subjects, Louis's reign was marked with a highly authoritarian stamp that pressed the spanish vocab imposition of firmer discipline in the armed forces, the curtailment of judicial independence and for university of michigan privileges, and spanish vocab for essays a demand for religious conformity and subordination that aroused hostility across Europe. On his death, on 1 September 1715, Louis XIV left a kingdom in 3 essays an unprecedented state of domestic tranquillity that was to last throughout the regency for his five-year-old great-grandson, Louis XV; this can in large part be attributed to firm royal control of the military, more sophisticated poor relief strategies, and a general ethos of political obedience. But the destabilization of the credit markets wrought by the previous thirty years of unprecedented military mobilization, the unresolved issue of tax privileges, the for essays example of baroque kingship that Louis XIV brought to its apogee as a model for essay in pakistan rule, and the legacy of Jansenism were to bedevil his successors' governments for spanish vocab for essays the rest of the good history essay introductions eighteenth century. See also Bourbon Dynasty (France) ; Camisard Revolt ; Colbert, Jean-Baptiste ; France ; Fronde ; Gallicanism ; Habsburg Dynasty ; Jansenism ; League of Augsburg, War of the ; Louvois, Fran #xE7; ois-Michel Le Tellier, marquis de ; Mazarin, Jules ; Poisons, Affair of the ; Spanish Succession, War of the ; Versailles . Black, Jeremy. From Louis XIV to Napoleon: The Fate of a Great Power. Vocab For Essays. London, 1999. 3 Essays. Chapter 2 gives a clear and accurate survey of French foreign policy in spanish this period. Bluche, Fran #xE7; ois. Louis XIV.

Oxford, 1990. Translated by Mark Greengrass. A highly conservative biographical interpretation by a French scholar. Sturdy, David J. Louis XIV. 3 Essays. New York, 1998. A clear, thematic survey of the reign and of the problems faced by the king. Wolf, John B. Louis XIV.

New York, 1968. The best biography in any language. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group Inc. Louis XIV (1638-1715) was king of France from 1643 to 1715. Spanish For Essays. He brought the French monarchy to its peak of bmat section absolute power and made France the dominant power in Europe. Spanish Vocab For Essays. His reign is also associated with the greatest age of French culture and art. After the chaos of the bmat section 3 essays Wars of Religion, the spanish French monarchy had been reestablished by Louis XIV's grandfather, Henry IV. Successive rulers and ministers (Henry himself, Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu, and Cardinal Mazarin) had done all in their power to critical make the king absolute ruler within France and to make France, instead of the Hapsburg coalition of Spain and the empire, the dominant power in Europe.

By the spanish for essays time Louis assumed personal control, the groundwork for final success had been laid. It was Louis who brought the work to essay in pakistan completion, enforcing his will over France and Europe to an unprecedented extent and spanish establishing the administrative machinery that made France a modern state. Louis was born at Saint-Germain on essay on poverty Sept. 5, 1638, the son of Louis XIII and his wife, Anne of Austria. His birth was greeted with immense national rejoicing, and he was hailed as le Dieudonne, the God-given. On May 16, 1643, his father died, and Louis became king. As he was only 4, the country was governed by his mother as regent; this meant, in effect, by Cardinal Mazarin, with whom Anne was in love. The successive rebellions known as the Fronde failed to dislodge Mazarin, although they left the for essays boy king with a lifelong horror of rebellion and a resentment of Paris, where the uprising had started. On Poverty In Pakistan. Mazarin remained in spanish for essays power for the rest of his life, and only when he died, on March 9, 1661, did Louis astonish the court by announcing that hence-forward he would direct his government himself. Cover For Event Coordinator With. He meant what he said.

The government remained under Louis's personal control for the next 54 years. Unlike his father, Louis enjoyed excellent health almost all his life. His appetites for food, hunting, and sex were enormous, and he had a passion, unusual in those days, for spanish vocab fresh air and walking. Though not tall, he was extremely impressive in appearance due to his great dignity and royal presence, particularly as he grew older and left his youthful exuberance behind. While he frequently displayed gross and even brutal selfishness, he was courteous, considerate, and good-natured, and he showed great loyalty to his friends and his servants.

His concept of his royal position was undoubtedly arrogant, but he was always conscious of his duty as king and letter position no experience sincerely believed that he was devoting himself to the wellbeing of his subjects. He detested inefficiency, corruption, and the abuse of privilege and stamped them out wherever he encountered them. However, his own passion for spanish for essays personal glory led him to drag France into a series of wars, ultimately at appalling cost to his people. Cover Letter With. On his deathbed he confessed to having loved war too much, but there are no signs that he really understood what his passion had cost his country. Louis began with a team of spanish for essays excellent ministers inherited from Mazarin, but only now put to full and proper use. The most important were Michel Le Tellier, in charge of military affairs (assisted, and ultimately succeeded, by his son the Marquis de Louvois), and Jean Baptiste Colbert, whose immense sphere included the navy, the royal household, religion, cultural activities, colonies, and the whole direction of the economy. Admission Essay. Nicolas Fouquet, who as superintendent of finances had been Mazarin's most important lieutenant, was regarded by Louis as dangerous. He was charged with peculation, found guilty, and imprisoned; Louis intervened to change his sentence from banishment to imprisonment for life.

This uncharacteristic act of injustice reveals Louis's fear of another Fronde. There was no first minister. Louis had resolved to allow no minister primacy after Mazarin, and in fact he preferred to keep his ministers divided into mutually hostile groups. He himself supported his ministers without reservation if he thought them right and never yielded to pressure to get rid of them; but he never allowed them to become presumptuous. Always suspicious of vocab for essays any subject who might grow too powerful, he would not allow any great nobles, even his own brother, onto bmat 3 essays, the council. For the next 11 years Louis's primary commitment was the restoration of the French economy to health and spanish vigor after the neglect of critical study essay Mazarin's time.

In 1672, however, exasperated at his failure to destroy the economic supremacy of the Dutch, he invaded their country, assisted by England whose king, Charles II, was on his payroll. Instead of the easy triumph he had expected, he found himself faced by dogged Dutch resistance, resolutely led by William of Orange and supported by a growing number of allies. The war lasted for spanish vocab 6 years and ended with Dutch economic ascendancy as strong as ever. France had acquired Franche-Comte from Spain and useful gains in study essay the Spanish Netherlands, but at the cost of permanently abandoning the economic and fiscal progress made by Colbert down to 1672. For the rest of the reign the economic progress of France was first halted and then reversed.

Louis then pursued a policy of deliberate, though limited, aggression, bullying his neighbors and encroaching on their territory. This aroused increasing fear and resentment in Europe, and Louis was finally confronted by for essays a coalition which plunged him into the War of the League of Augsburg. This war, which lasted from in pakistan 1689 till 1697, left France in spanish vocab possession of Strasbourg, which Louis had seized in 1681, but exhausted and in no shape to meet the still greater war that was about to break out. This was the War of the Spanish Succession. The last Spanish Hapsburg, Charles II, was certain to bmat section 3 essays die without children and would leave a vast inheritance. To avoid conflict, the for essays two claimants to the inheritance, Louis and the Emperor, had already reached an agreement to divide this inheritance between them. Just before his death, however, Charles offered to good essay introductions make Louis's grandson Philip his sole heir, with the stipulation that if Louis refused, the inheritance was to pass undivided to the Emperor's younger son.

Louis considered that this offer made his previous agreement invalid and against the advice of his council accepted it. Spanish. This inevitably meant war with Austria, but it was owing to good Louis's greed and vocab tactlessness that Britain and Holland were brought in as well. Once again France found itself facing an essay immense coalition, and this time it had only begun to recover from the spanish vocab for essays last war. This final war lasted from 1701 to 1714 and did France incalculable damage. Thanks to the courage and on poverty in pakistan determination of spanish vocab Louis and his people, the fighting did not end in disaster.

Philip retained the history essay introductions Spanish throne, and the only losses of territory France suffered were overseas. But the spanish vocab country had suffered years of appalling hardship; the population was sharply reduced by famine; industry and commerce were at bmat section, a standstill; and spanish for essays the peasantry was crushed by an unprecedented load of taxation. The King's death the next year was greeted with a relief almost as great as the joy that had welcomed his birth. Louis's religion was a rather unintelligent and bigoted Catholicism. At the on poverty in pakistan same time he regarded himself as God's deputy in France and would allow no challenge to his authority, from the Pope or anyone else.

As a result, he was involved in a series of unedifying quarrels with successive popes, which dragged on for years of futile stalemate and gave rise to the probably baseless suspicion that he might be contemplating a break with the Church on the lines of Henry VIII. To reassure Catholic opinion as to his orthodoxy, Louis kept up a steady pressure against the Protestants in spanish for essays France. Finally, in 1685, he revoked the Edict of Nantes (by which Protestants had been granted toleration in 1598), forbade the good history introductions practice of the Calvinist religion in France (he was less concerned about Lutherans), expelled all Calvinist pastors, and forbade lay Protestants, under savage penalties, to emigrate. There was great indignation abroad, even in Catholic circles, but in the intolerant atmosphere then prevailing in Catholic France, Louis's action was very popular. At intervals throughout his reign Louis mounted a campaign against the Jansenists, a rigorist sect within the Catholic Church. He became so bitter toward them that he ended by reversing his antipapal policy in spanish vocab for essays the hope of enlisting the cover coordinator Pope's support. This was forthcoming, and spanish vocab for essays the Jansenists were condemned by cover letter for event position with no experience the bull Unigenitus in 1713; but this interference outraged French national feeling, and the Jansenist cause gained considerably in spanish vocab for essays popularity as a result. Neither the government of France by a group of overlapping councils nor the administration of the provinces by intendants (royal agents equipped with full powers in a level history essay every field) originated with Louis, but he took over spanish vocab these systems, making them more comprehensive and efficient, and extending the system of intendants for admission essay for university of michigan the first time to the whole of France. Government became much more efficient in his day, but much of this efficiency was lost after his death.

It also became more bureaucratic, and this change was permanent. Increasingly, the affairs of provincial France came to be decided by the council, and local initiative was discouraged. Remembering the Fronde, Louis no doubt believed that anything was better than the semianarchy of the old days; but it can be argued that he carried the spirit of regimentation a good deal too far. Governmental overcentralization is a source of spanish for essays endless friction in France to this day. Louis neither initiated this centralization nor carried it to bmat its final completion, but he certainly accelerated it. The basic factor in the Fronde had been noble anarchy, and Louis was determined to keep the nobility in line. All through his reign he did his best to undercut the independent position of the nobles and turn them, particularly the richer and more powerful of them, into courtiers. Spanish Vocab For Essays. In this he was largely successful. Versailles, which became the seat of government in 1682 (although the palace was still far from completion), became the magnet to which the nobility were attracted.

No nobleman could hope for appointment to any important position without paying assiduous court at Versailles. The cult of monarchy, which Louis deliberately strengthened to on poverty the utmost of his ability, made them in any case flock to Versailles of their own free will; exclusion from the charmed circle of the court came to be regarded as social death. Louis has been criticized by some historians for turning the French nobility into gilded parasites, but it may be doubted, as the Fronde demonstrated, whether they were fit to play any more constructive role. Although he preferred to select his generals, his bishops, and spanish (contrary to a level history essay questions legend) his ministers from the nobility, Louis did not make the mistake of his successors and exclude the Third Estate from all the best positions. He made some of his appointments from the bourgeoisie.

The reign of Louis XIV is often equated with the great age of vocab for essays French culture. In fact, this age began under Richelieu and was clearly over some years before Louis died. Nor did he do very much to help it. In the 1660s he indulged in some patronage of writers, but his benevolence was capriciously bestowed, frequently on secondrate men, and it dried up almost entirely when economic conditions worsened after 1672. Nevertheless, Jean Racine and study Moliere were substantially helped by Louis, and it was largely thanks to the king that Moliere's plays were performed in spite of conservative opposition. Spanish. The King's enthusiasm for building (Versailles, Marly, Trianon, and others), while costing the country more than it could afford, certainly furnished artists and architects with valuable commissions, and the King's love of musical spectacles offered a golden opportunity for composers.

The flowering of painting, architecture, music, and landscape gardening in France at this time must be largely credited to Louis. Louis was married to Maria Theresa, daughter of Philip IV of Spain, as part of the settlement by which Mazarin ended the Spanish war. Good History Essay. He married her reluctantly (he was in spanish vocab love with Mazarin's own niece at the time) and made no pretense of being faithful to her; but he was fond of her after his fashion, and at her death observed, This is the first sorrow she has ever caused me. Overcharged with sexual energy practically all his life, he had a number of mistresses, whose jealousy of a level history questions each other was a principal topic of spanish for essays court gossip. By the two bestknown, Louise de La Valliere and Athenais de Montespan, he had a number of illegitimate children, of whom he was very fond; his fatherly attempts to secure for them, after his death, a position above their station caused a good deal of trouble. His attention was finally caught by Francoise Scarron, who had become the governess of these children; he made her Marquise de Maintenon and settled down in domestic respectability with her. In later life he became very puritanical, and Madame de Maintenon has sometimes been blamed for this, but it seems likely that the change was inherent in Louis's own nature.

Louis did not allow the pursuit of pleasure to interfere with his professional duties; all his life he worked indefatigably at the business of essay government. He also fancied himself, without justification, as a soldier and derived much pleasure from conducting lengthy sieges of towns that were bound to spanish vocab surrender in any case and giving his generals unsought and unwelcome advice as to how to conduct their campaigns. The King's last years were darkened not only by the successive disasters of the war and the desperate condition of his people but by of michigan a series of personal tragedies. In quick succession his son, the two grandsons still with him, and one of his two infant great-grandsons died. With them died his grandson's wife, the young Duchess of Burgundy, whom Louis adored.

Only his other greatgrandson survived, to succeed him at spanish vocab for essays, the age of 5 as Louis XV. When Louis died, France had long been sick of him, and a level essay his funeral procession was insulted in the streets. History can see him in for essays a fairer perspective. Introductions. He was not Louis the spanish Great, as he was sycophantically hailed in his lifetime; he was a man of average intelligence and human failings who committed many blunders and several crimes. Nevertheless, he did his duty as he saw it, with a quite exceptional conscientiousness and devotion. He saw himself as responsible to God for the well-being of his people, and though his interpretation of this responsibility was often strange, it was always sincere. More than any other man except Richelieu, he was the architect of the French national state. The greatness which France achieved in good questions his lifetime was largely his doing. There is no definitive biography of Louis. John B. Wolf, Louis XIV (1968), is in general satisfactory for Louis himself but leaves gaps in vocab its coverage of the reign.

A valuable recent work, with emphasis on critical essay France rather than on Louis and with an immensely useful picture of the vocab for essays economic and social situation in his reign, is Pierre Goubert, Louis XIV and Twenty Million Frenchmen, translated by Anne Carter (1970). W. H. Lewis, Louis XIV: An Informal Portrait (1959), does not purport to give the study whole picture but brings Louis to life as a man and is written in a delightful style. For background reading on the period, Lewis's The Splendid Century (1953) presents a series of vocab fascinating insights into the France of Louis XIV, as well as filling out the picture of Louis himself. A more complete presentation of the entire period is in Geoffrey Treasure, Seventeenth-century France (1966). ? Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Copyright The Columbia University Press. Louis XIV, 1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII.

For contemporary sources see the incisive memoirs of the Cardinal de Retz; the extremely prejudiced but indispensable memoirs of the duc de Saint-Simon; and the letters of study Mme de Sevigne, which brilliantly portray the social life of the time. See also biographies by J. B. Wolf (1968) and P. Vocab. Erlanger (tr. 1970); studies by P. Goubert (1972), O. Essay. Bernier (1987), and P. Sonnino, ed. (1990). Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. #xA9; World Encyclopedia 2005, originally published by Oxford University Press 2005. Louis XIV (1638#x2013;1715) King of France (1643#x2013;1715). Cardinal Mazarin dominated the early part of his reign. Vocab For Essays. From 1661, Louis ruled as the epitome of absolute monarchy and bmat became known as the #x2018;Sun King#x2019; for the luxury of his court. For Essays. As ministers, he chose men of low rank or the good a level history essay questions junior nobility, such as the able Colbert.

Louis' wars of aggrandisement in the Low Countries and elsewhere drained the treasury. His revocation of the Edict of Nantes drove Huguenots abroad, weakening the economy. In the War of the Spanish Succession (1701#x2013;14), a European coalition decisively defeated the French armies. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

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marraige essay The Injustice Involving Same-sex Marriage. Northern Illinois University. The legalization of same-sex marriage has been a battle that has been raging since the late twentieth century. Spanish For Essays. By not allowing same-sex marriage, the cover letter for event with no experience United Sates is creating discrimination against spanish vocab same-sex couples. Critical Essay. People of faith are the biggest advocates against same-sex marriages.

With the belief that marriage is the foundation for procreation, same-sex couples, without the ability to have their own child, should not be allowed the right of marriage. Seeing that there are many rights and for essays, responsibilities associated with marriage, same-sex couples are denied these and are being discriminated against. Same-sex couples are denied the right to make decisions regarding their partner’s health and medical treatment. History Essay. This emotional trauma, as well as the inability to adopt one another’s children, is experienced by vocab same-sex couples every day. Although many states have adopted civil unions, they are separate and unequal.

Same-sex marriage should be legalized to create equality and bmat, eliminate the injustice involving same-sex couples. a. Marriage is a basic human right for every individual. Spanish Vocab. Same sex marriage should be legalized in Illinois. a. History of same sex marriage. i. Same sex marriage in early years.

ii. Ancient civilizations. iii. Rise of Christianity. iv. Admission Of Michigan. First laws against same sex relationships. v. National awareness and spanish for essays, rise of the critical essay Gay Movement.

b. Religion and same sex marriage. 1. Spanish Vocab. Having children is main reason for marriage. ii. Artificial insemination. 1. Other alternatives for having children. iii. History Essay. Marriage ceremonies involving the church.

1. Spanish. Church blessing. iv. The church does not marry people. The church has blessed many other things that involve destruction. v. Organization of critical, bill. 1. The bill could be crafted in spanish vocab, a way so the good church is not involved. Marriage would take place in vocab, a courtroom. i. Denied rights. 1. Marriage is a right every individual is entitled to. a. Social Security benefits upon death, disability or retirement of spouse, as well as benefits for minor children, workers' compensation protections for the family of a worker injured on the job, exemptions from estate taxes when a spouse dies, exemptions from federal income taxes on spouse's health insurance are all denied to history, same sex couples.

ii. Emotional trauma. 1. Hospital visits, decisions regarding loved one’s life, custody of spanish, children. iii. Ideal image of a family. a. Father and mother figure. b. Good History Questions. Parents would still rather see their children find someone who loves them and be happy.

d. Civil unions versus marriage. i. Civil unions are separate and spanish vocab, unequal. 1. Heterosexual people can be in a civil union but homosexual people cannot get married. 2. There are no benefits associated with a civil union. 3. Civil unions are not recognized state to critical study essay, state. a. The battle over same-sex marriage will be forever ongoing. b. Same-sex marriage has been in history for decades. c. Design of the bill. d. Restate Main arguments as well as counterarguments.

e. Legalizing same-sex marriage will create equality. The Injustice Involving Same-sex Marriage. In early times, same-sex marriage was not considered taboo and in vocab for essays, many cultures, it was encouraged. Random History (2011) explains that in the early civilizations of Mesopotamia and letter no experience, ancient Egypt, the spanish vocab for essays union between couples of the same-sex was recognized by the kingdom. During Greek’s early years, attraction between a man and another man was normal and was considered an bmat, expression of love. “The main considerations in same-sex relationships in early history were often love, beauty, and excellence of character rather than gender” (Random History, 2011, p.1). Same-sex marriages were often believed to be more pure than a heterosexual marriage. Marriage was believed to be the union of two people based on love. A marriage consisting of two males or two females, if women had the right to get married, was not frowned upon.

It was not until the rise of Christianity that a negative attitude towards same-sex marriage became introduced. The belief that marriage was based on vocab procreation and any relationship that was non-procreative began to increase in many societies. Random History’s 2011 research describes how Eastern religions varied in introductions, their views about homosexual marriages. Japanese Buddhism records the most tolerant attitude toward homosexuality, praising it for its mystery. Today, there are no religious or political limitations on homosexual behavior in Japan. Spanish For Essays. Sexuality is considered a private matter and lacks any restrictions. “The sacred texts in bmat section 3 essays, the Hindu tradition, the spanish for essays Vedas, did not restrict homosexuality, but rather viewed it as perverse” (Random History, 2011, p.1).

Other things, such as mixed race relationships were considered more offensive than homosexuality. Random History (2011) also explains how in the thirteenth century, the first laws banning sodomy were introduced and were strictly enforced. Through the letter coordinator position with next centuries, homosexual behavior became deviant and was punished. Due to the belief that homosexual behavior was wrong, the belief that heterosexual relationships were normal became popular among the spanish for essays majority of countries. Good History. By the nineteenth century, heterosexuality became the most believed standard for relationships.

Although the debate for same-sex marriage became noticeably public in the late twentieth century, it was not until 1993 during a Hawaiian case, that the issue became national news. The ruling of the case stated that the restriction of spanish vocab, marriage and its benefits to opposite-sex couples were unconstitutional. “The Defense of good history introductions, Marriage Act, which was introduced in 1996, was almost a direct response to the Hawaiian case, declared that no state would be required to recognize a same-sex marriage from another state, and also defined marriage as a union between one man and one woman” (Axel-Lute, 2002, p.1). By that same year, a majority of states passed laws prohibiting same-sex marriage. Since then, states have defined their own definition of vocab, marriage. Despite the fact that the debate over same-sex marriage is introductions relatively new in the United States, five states have made same-sex marriage legal, as well as Washington D.C. Vocab. According to the Florida’s Domestic Partnership (2010), currently, there are only two states that recognize same-sex marriages, New York and California. In California, the cover for event coordinator position with marriage is only recognized if it was before proposition 8. Spanish Vocab. Ballot Pedias 2008 research explains how proposition 8 is a statewide ballot proposition in California.

The people of California voted for the illegalization of essay introductions, same-sex marriage. Though some people are against same-sex marriages for religious reasons, not allowing same-sex marriages is discrimination. Same-sex marriages should be legalized because the discrimination same-sex couples receive is emotionally traumatic, and unfair. The most influential reason against same-sex marriage is based on religion. Many people believe that procreation is the ideal reason for marriage. Their belief is that same-sex couples do not have the capability to vocab for essays, produce children which is the basis for letter for event position, marriage. However, when two of the most influential religious icons discussed marriage, child bearing was not a reason for two people to get married. “It is highly significant that Jesus and Paul, while both referring to the creation story, never once mention procreation or physical sexual difference in vocab, their teaching about marriage” (Sullivan, 1997, p.79). Both men stressed how the quality of a relationship was the most important aspect for marriage.

If marriage is reserved for having a child, then same-sex marriages are not an issue. “There are countless ways to ‘have’ a child. Not all of them amount to doing the same thing” (Meilander, 1996). Many same-sex couples employ artificial insemination to conceive a child. Liz Tracy’s 2011 article interviews Maria and Vivian, a lesbian couple who were married in New York last year. The two have a 21 year old daughter by artificial insemination. During a marriage ceremony, the church’s only engagement is to give its blessing. Critical Study. “The church does not, in fact, marry anyone. People marry each other. Spanish Vocab For Essays. The state, not the church, defines the nature of legal marriage” (Sullivan, 1997, p.68). Sullivan (1997) also states how the letter coordinator no experience church has blessed fields when crops have been planted, MX missiles, new houses, and vocab for essays, warships whose sole purpose is to kill and destroy. There is letter for event coordinator with no experience no reason the church should not bless a relationship in which two people vow to be faithful and spanish vocab, love each other for all eternity. Supporters of same-sex marriage believe the bill to allow same-sex marriage should be crafted in bmat section 3 essays, a specific way that will help win votes from people of faith. Vocab For Essays. “The measure would not force religious organizations to grant marriages to same-sex couples, a move that would make the government benefits of marriage equal for gay and cover letter position with no experience, straight couples but still allow the sacrament of marriage to be defined by churches” (Groeninger, 2012, p.2).

If the bill was written and carried out in a certain way, the church would not have any association with same-sex couples getting married because the for essays process would be carried out in bmat 3 essays, a courtroom. The American gay rights movement, which became heated in the 1970’s, defined marriage as oppressive, sexist, and a heterosexual institution, according to the National Organization of Women’s 2012 studies. By the government prohibiting same-sex couples from vocab for essays getting married, they are denying them rights that every other American has. “ Marriage is a unique legal status conferred by and recognized by governments all over the world. It brings with it a host of reciprocal obligations, rights and protections” (National Organization of Women, 2012, p, 1). There are numerous rights and responsibilities that are associated with marriage.

Same-sex couples are being discriminated against because they are not allowed any of these rights. The National Organization of critical, Women’s 2012 research details many of the 1,138 federal rights, protections and responsibilities that come along with marriage, which same-sex couples are denied. Social Security benefits upon death, disability or retirement of spouse, as well as benefits for minor children, workers' compensation protections for spanish for essays, the family of bmat section 3 essays, a worker injured on the job, exemptions from estate taxes when a spouse dies, exemptions from federal income taxes on spouse's health insurance are all denied to same-sex couples. The discrimination and spanish for essays, denial of marriage and its benefits of same-sex couples can be emotionally traumatic at times. Essay. “Because literally hundreds of important legal, economic, practical, and social benefits and for essays, protections flow directly from marriage, the exclusion from this central social institution wreaks real harm on real life same-sex couples everyday” (Sullivan, 1997, p. 129). Bmat Section 3 Essays. Same-sex couples are denied the vocab right to make decisions regarding their partner’s health or medical treatment.

Sullivan (1997) also explains how same-sex couples are not allowed to adopt their partner’s children or how lesbian mothers are often denied custody of their children. One of the most common arguments against same-sex marriage is society’s image of the ideal family. “The public acceptance of 3 essays, homosexuality subverts the stability and self-understanding of the spanish heterosexual family” (Sullivan, 1997, p.146). Conservatives believe that the ideal family includes one father and one mother. Bmat 3 Essays. Both of the parents influence their children in a certain way. Many believe that a same-sex couple cannot raise a child properly because the child is vocab for essays not raised with both fatherly and motherly qualities.

However, Sullivan (2012) also discusses how even though some parents may be disappointed that their child will not produce a grandchild, they would still prefer to see their child find someone to love and live with and share his or her life with. If a child is surrounded by two parents who love them, they will develop and grow as any other child would. Many states have legalized civil unions since 2000. Essay. Although civil unions provide legal protection to same-sex couples, they are only recognized at the state level. Many believe legalizing same-sex marriage is not an urgent issue because civil unions are becoming legal in more states. “Giving same-sex couples the right to visit a loved one in the hospital, make end of life decisions and inherit property through civil unions was considered the middle ground” (Groeninger, 2012, p.1). Vocab. There is a vast amount of essay for university of michigan, differences in a marriage and civil union.

Debatepedia’s 2011 research explains how civil unions are separate and unequal because people in spanish for essays, a heterosexual relationship have access to civil unions, yet same-sex couples do not have access to marriage. Civil unions are unequal because they are not recognized state to critical, state. A same-sex couple in a civil union is denied the vocab for essays all of the rights that come with marriage. Also, civil unions do not receive any federal benefit. “ Because the history federal government does not respect civil unions, a couple with a civil union will be in a kind of limbo with regard to governmental functions performed by vocab both state and federal governments, such as taxation, pension protections, provision of insurance for families, and means-tested programs like Medicaid” ( National Organization of Women, 2012, p.1). The debate over on poverty in pakistan, same-sex marriage will forever rage until it becomes legalized. Same-sex relationships have been a part of history since the for essays ancient times.

Not allowing same-sex marriage is discrimination. Couples are denied financial benefits heterosexual couples receive. Same-sex marriage should be legalized so couples will have the right to make decisions regarding their partner’s health and medical treatment as well as allowing them to adopt one another’s children. Designing the bill a certain way will enable to church to stay uninvolved, since religious reasons are the most common reason for people being against same-sex marriage. Critical. Legalizing same-sex marriages will create equality for for essays, all people in a relationship and defeat the injustice among same-sex couples.

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'41,' George W. For Essays! Bush’s Portrait of good essay George H. W. Bush. The relationship between George W. Bush and his father, George H. W. Bush, might just be the most dissected filial relationship in modern history — compared, variously, to vocab, Shakespearean history, Greek tragedy and opera bouffe. In his new book, the 43rd president draws an affectionate portrait of the 41st president that’s short on factual revelations and critical essay, long on emotion. Vocab! In “41,” Mr. Bush sheds little new light on good a level history essay questions, his fateful decision to for essays, invade Iraq in 2003 or on other pivotal moments of his presidency, nor does he tell us much about his father’s tenure in the White House that we didn’t already know. Instead, he’s written what he calls a “love story” about his dad.

At its best, the good history introductions, book has the qualities of the younger Mr. Bush’s recent and spanish for essays, much-talked-about paintings: It’s folksy, sharply observed and surprisingly affecting, especially for someone not exactly known for introspection. Essay! At its worst, the book reads like a banquet-dinner-type testimonial about his father, with transparent efforts to spanish, spin or sidestep important questions about his own time in office. Since George W. Bush stepped onto the national stage, journalists, other politicians and even family members have been comparing and contrasting father and son. Whereas Bush senior was famous for his self-effacing New England manners and quiet diplomacy, Bush junior became known as a proud, outspoken gut player, with Texas swagger. Whereas Bush senior’s policies were grounded in essay of michigan, foreign policy realism and old-school Republican moderation, Bush junior’s tilted toward neoconservatism and a drive to export democracy and vocab, remake the world. Bush senior was not crazy about “the vision thing,” whereas Bush junior was big on big ideas. “On everything from taxes to Iraq,” the New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd wrote in 2002, “the son has tried to use his father’s failures in the eyes of conservatives as a reverse playbook.” When Bush 41 went to war against Saddam Hussein in 1991 (after Iraq’s invasion of essay Kuwait), he made a decision not to go on to Baghdad and for essays, topple Iraq’s dictator, later explaining that if we had gone in and created “more instability in Iraq, I think it would have been very bad for the neighborhood.” The younger Mr. Bush writes, somewhat defensively here, that in ordering the invasion of admission of michigan Iraq in 2003, he “was not trying ‘to finish what my father had begun,’ as some have suggested. Spanish Vocab! My motivation was to protect the United States of cover for event with America, as I had sworn an oath to do.” He also elaborates on vocab, a surprising statement he once made to Bob Woodward — that he couldn’t remember consulting his father about critical study his decision to go to spanish vocab, war. In “41,” he says: “I never asked Dad what I should do.

We both knew that this was a decision that only the president can make. We did talk about the issue, however. Over Christmas 2002, at Camp David, I gave Dad an cover letter for event position, update on our strategy.” His father, he says, replied: “You know how tough war is, son, and you’ve got to try everything you can to avoid war. But if the man won’t comply, you don’t have any other choice.” The oddly dysfunctional inability of spanish vocab father and son to critical, discuss policy and politics — out of fear, it seems, of spanish vocab meddling or stepping on critical essay, each other’s toes — is a recurrent theme in this book. The younger Mr. Bush says his father did not directly caution him against spanish for essays, running for Congress in the late ’70s, but instead sent him to talk with a friend who told him he couldn’t win. (He didn’t.) For many concerned about the war drums beating within the younger Bush’s White House in 2002, something similar occurred when the elder Bush’s former national security adviser and close friend, Brent Scowcroft, wrote an op-ed piece in The Wall Street Journal warning that another attack on Saddam could “seriously jeopardize, if not destroy, the global counterterrorist campaign we have undertaken.” George W. Essay Of Michigan! Bush also writes that his father had little to say, in 1993, about his decision to run for governor of Texas, and that he didn’t ask his father whether he should run for president in spanish, the 2000 election, adding, “I knew he would support whatever choice I made.” Biographers and bmat, journalists have often observed that the young George W. Bush (whose hard-drinking, irresponsible youth had made him a black sheep in vocab for essays, the family next to Jeb, the golden boy) frequently felt overshadowed by his father. And they have speculated that, as president, he was driven to outdo his dad by cover letter position with, taking Saddam Hussein down for vocab for essays, good, and by winning a second term — arguments the Bush family has dismissed as psychobabble. In “41,” the younger Mr. Bush talks at length about cover letter coordinator position with no experience his dad’s early success. Vocab! (“Few could claim the trifecta of war hero, Phi Beta Kappa and captain of the baseball team” at Yale, he writes.) And there is admission essay for university of michigan, certainly fodder for readers searching for clues to an Oedipal rivalry. Spanish! Mr.

Bush says that his father’s college dreams of a baseball career were foiled because “he didn’t have a big enough bat to make the major leagues,” and also frets about his well-mannered father looking “weak” in a debate against Ronald Reagan, recalling a press account that said he showed “the backbone of a jellyfish.” An error has occurred. Study Essay! Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email. He writes, however, that his dad gave him “unconditional love,” and that he and his siblings felt “there was no point in competing with our father — no point in rebelling against him — because he would love us no matter what.” He celebrates his father’s well-known generosity, his talent for friendship and his willingness to take risks (from enlisting at the age of vocab for essays 18, not long after Pearl Harbor, to moving to Texas after college, to diving into politics after a stint in a level history, the oil business). Like many, 43 hails 41 for his diplomatic handling of the end of the Cold War, reaching out to the Soviet leader Mikhail S. Spanish For Essays! Gorbachev and wisely refusing to gloat over the fall of the Berlin Wall. In some ways, the younger Mr. Bush says, his father was “like Winston Churchill, who had been tossed out of office in for university, 1945 just months after prevailing in World War II.” The most persuasive sections of this book deal not with the political, but with the personal. Mr. Bush’s writing doesn’t have the earnest charm of his father’s letters (“All the Best, George Bush“) or the literary gifts displayed by his wife, Laura, in her memoir, “Spoken From the Heart.” But unlike his earlier books (his perfunctory 1999 campaign memoir, “A Charge to Keep,” and his dogged 2010 autobiography, “Decision Points”), this volume comes close to vocab, capturing Mr. Critical Study! Bush’s distinctive voice — by turns jokey and sentimental, irreverent and sincere.

There is vocab for essays, very little here about his other siblings (his brother Jeb, the good a level questions, potential presidential candidate, is mentioned only in brief asides), but the passages devoted to his younger sister Robin’s death from leukemia in 1953 are heartfelt and moving. “In one of her final moments with my father,” Mr. Bush writes, “Robin looked up at spanish vocab for essays him with her beautiful blue eyes and study, said, ‘I love you more than tongue can tell.’ Dad would repeat those words for the rest of his life.” As for Mr. Bush’s descriptions of the West Texas world that greeted him and his parents in the 1950s, they are evocative in a way that attests to his painterly eye. “We lived briefly at a hotel and then moved into a new 847-square-foot house on the outskirts of town,” he recalls. “The neighborhood was called Easter Egg Row, because the developers had chosen vibrant paint colors to help residents tell the houses apart. Our Easter egg at 405 East Maple was bright blue.” Although George senior’s failure to win a second term in the White House led to spanish for essays, a sense of despondency, his son writes, he would find “something positive about his defeat in 1992 — it had given rise to the political careers of two people” (that is, the author and Jeb) “whom he had raised and loves.” Had his dad been re-elected that year, the younger Mr. Essay On Poverty In Pakistan! Bush says, “I would not have run for vocab, governor” of Texas in 1994 — nor, presumably, run for president and ascended to the White House in the too-close-to-call election of 2000 that went to the Supreme Court. History works in strange ways. A Portrait of My Father. Good History Questions! By George W. Bush. Spanish Vocab For Essays! Illustrated.

294 pages. Crown. $28. A version of this review appears in print on November 12, 2014, on history, Page C1 of the New York edition with the headline: Love Flows, President to President. Today's Paper | Subscribe. We#8217;re interested in your feedback on this page.

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Kellogg Video Essay: Practice Here. Why do you think MBAs are so sought after by employers? Why are they able to command the salaries they do? The answer is that employers are looking for the best and spanish the brightest to take on leadership roles within their organizations. A lot of people assume that companies recruit MBAs for their intelligence combined with two years of practical training. While that’s partly true, the reality is essay of michigan that MBAs aren’t the ‘smartest’ people out there in absolute (there are a myriad of grad and PhD students out spanish vocab there that far surpass the essay in pakistan, average MBA in spanish for essays raw intelligence). Beyond that, anybody could buy a bunch of introductions business textbooks online and acquire a lot of the spanish vocab for essays, knowledge one would otherwise obtain in the MBA classroom. In Pakistan! I said that employers are looking for spanish the best and the brightest but actually they are looking for an elusive combination of best and brightest. The bright part you can learn but the best part tends to be something intrinsic to the individual herself.

In that sense an MBA can round out a level questions someone with natural potential but an MBA can never transform someone without it. Bright (smart with practical business training) + Best (a natural leader: friendly, charming, persuasive, a self-assured public speaker with the soft skills essential for spanish a manager) = MBA. Kellogg (like every other school) cares about personality, communication style, and the likability of applicants. I call this ‘ presenting well ‘ (and that doesn’t mean being a PowerPoint ninja). Essay! Most schools screen for this during their interview process. But if you think about it, that’s a very inefficient strategy because the vocab, Adcom doesn’t really have a sense of admission essay for university what percentage of the candidates it invites to interview will present well until they walk through the door.

By that time the Adcom is stuck choosing the incoming class from the pool it interviewed. Maybe 80% will present well, maybe only vocab for essays 30% will. Kellogg wants to interview a cohort of applicants in which 100% present well. Good History Introductions! That’s why Kellogg is pre-screening applicants via the video essay. NYU Stern does the spanish, same thing via their Personal Expression Essay. Chicago Booth and cover letter position MIT Sloan do it via their optional multimedia essays. In the video essays, Kellogg isn’t looking for vocab the best orators – students will have time to hone their communication and presentation skills in Kellogg’s courses and clubs.

Likewise, they are not looking for any particular opinion or response. They just want to see what you, the unpolished candidate, look like in a spontaneous situation. As such, the your main job is to be yourself – to relax, feel comfortable, and communicate naturally as they would if they were talking to a friend. The flip side of that is that if you memorize answers and good a level history questions recite them verbatim you’ll come off as very robotic. I had a candidate one year that wrote out, word for word, and then memorized answers to spanish vocab for essays, every question the Adcom could possibly put to him during an interview. He sent me a video of himself ‘interviewing’ and I was shocked by how bizarrely he came across: He didn’t make any of the natural pauses in his spoken language that people do when they are answering a spontaneous question. Good Essay Introductions! He spoke rapidly and incessantly in a bizarre monotone with no facial expression or hand gesturing to punctuate what he was saying. That’s because he wasn’t thinking about what he was saying, he was reciting what he had already memorized. No amount of coaching from for essays, me was able to good history introductions, ‘undo’ the damage and it resulted in some deeply painful rejections from top five business schools. He thought that he could outsmart the system but ultimately he shot himself in the foot.

Here’s what Kellogg’s Adcom tells us about their video essay: The Video Essays provide applicants with an additional opportunity to demonstrate what they will bring to our vibrant Kellogg community – in an interactive way. Each applicant will complete two short video essay questions. The questions are designed to bring to life the vocab for essays, person we have learned about on good history essay questions paper. After submitting a completed application, each applicant will be asked to complete two Video Essay Questions. One will be about the candidate’s interest in Kellogg and vocab for essays the other will be a “getting to of michigan, know you” type of question. Here’s what you need to spanish vocab for essays, know about Kellogg’s video essay: After you submit your application to Kellogg, the video essay will become available to you in your Kellogg applicant dashboard.

You have one week after the application deadline to complete the video essay. If you submit in Round 1 you need to cover for event coordinator position with no experience, complete the essay by October 2nd, if you submit in vocab Round 2 you need to submit by January 18th. Cover For Event Coordinator No Experience! There are two video essay responses you will give, one axed on your interest in Kellogg while the other will be more axed around you. Before you give your actual response you’ll have up to 10 practice questions to get comfortable with the spanish for essays, video interface. A Level Essay! When you give your official video responses you’ll have 20 seconds to spanish for essays, think about the question and study essay then one minute to respond to it. II Common Kellogg Video Essay Questions.

This year Kellogg has decided to share the first question with applicants ahead of time. Spanish For Essays! The Kellogg question is: What path are you interested in pursuing, how will you get there, and why is this program right for you? This is the typical Career Goals/Why MBA? question condensed down into a one-minute format. Good History Essay! Most applicants will take the time to prepare the question prior to their video interview. Here is how you might structure that response. Goals : State your short long term goals.

Give an for essays example or two of the type of critical study essay company you’d like to work at for essays post-MBA as well as the role you hope to interview for. Backstory : Briefly mention how your past work experience, training, extracurricular activities or personal passion tie in with your short-term goal. Action Plan : Is your transition to section, role X a natural one given your past experience? For most people the answer is: not completely. Spanish Vocab! How will you prepare yourself for your future role (via networking opportunities, classes, clubs, projects etc.)? Growth Plan : Think about bmat section 3 essays, what your true weak points are and how you might leverage your two years at business school to work on them. Example: Become more extroverted > public speaking, voice opinion via case method; Get outside comfort zone > treks, student talent show. Cultural : What about Kellogg really resonates with you?

What excites you? This is where you really want to bring the charm and your excitement at the prospect of being a part of the Kellogg community. Mention one thing you might gain and one thing you might contribute. Kellogg’s second video essay question will be axed around you. Typically it’s either a personal question, a behavioral question or an opinion-based question. Spanish Vocab! In section III (below) you have an opportunity to practice giving answers using a video interview software and admission essay of michigan 30 questions from previous years. III Practice giving a Kellogg Video Essay: Record Playback. The problem with video (and watching yourself on spanish vocab video) is letter for event position that it is almost always a traumatic process. People tend to be overly self-critical so if you do record yourself practicing for spanish vocab for essays Kellogg’s video interview don’t allow the process to undermine your self-confidence. Avoid becoming preoccupied with small, inconsequential issues such as hand-gestures or body language, because that may potentially sabotage your ability to just naturally be yourself.

The goal of practicing should be to improve your ability to think and speak spontaneously. So here’s the cool part! You can click on the record button below and an interactive video recorder will open and allow you can record, play back and re-record video of yourself answering Kellogg’s questions. Your browser doesn't support Adobe Flash, sorry. Please install Adobe Flash plugin. Get Flash Player. I’ve hidden the Kellogg questions behind spoiler tabs so you don’t accidentally read all of a level history essay them at first glance. There are 2 questions in spanish every section.

Take some time to actually practice looking at a question for the first time, giving yourself 20 seconds to prepare an answer, and then another 60 seconds to answer. Then go back and watch the video of yourself. What path are you interested in pursuing, how will you get there, and why is this program right for you? Goals : State your short long term goals. Give an example or two of the type of company you’d like to work at post-MBA as well as the admission for university of michigan, role you hope to spanish vocab, interview for. Backstory : Briefly mention how your past work experience, training, extracurricular activities or personal passion tie in with your short-term goal. Action Plan : Is your transition to good questions, role X a natural one given your past experience? For most people the answer is: not completely. How will you prepare yourself for your future role (via networking opportunities, classes, clubs, projects etc.)?

Growth Plan : Think about what your true weak points are and how you might leverage your two years at business school to work on them. Example: Become more extroverted > public speaking, voice opinion via case method; Get outside comfort zone > treks, student talent show. Cultural : What about vocab, Kellogg really resonates with you? What excites you? This is where you really want to bring the charm and your excitement at the prospect of section being a part of the Kellogg community.

Mention one thing you might gain and one thing you might contribute. 2. Tell us about vocab, how you overcame an obstacle. 4. For Event Position With! If you could keep one of your personal strengths, possibly losing one or more of the others, which would you choose? 6. What kind of a team player are you? 8. Spanish! When you leave your job for cover letter for event with no experience b-school, what will your teammates miss most about you? 10. Tell us about someone you admire, and why. 2. Tell me about a time that you disagreed with a colleague and how did you handle it? 4. Vocab! Tell us about a time when your idea was challenged.

6. Tell us about a time when you were on essay a team and there was disagreement among team members. What did you do? 8. Tell us about spanish, a time when you were pleasantly surprised by a work situation. 10. Essay! Please describe a creative solution that you have come up with for a problem. 2. Vocab For Essays! If you were going to cover for event position, donate $1M to the university, how would you want it spent? 4. Vocab For Essays! Tell us, in your view, one downside for business due to globalization.

6. Admission Essay! Discuss your thoughts about the spanish, following statement: “Business leaders are the history introductions, world’s new role models and they are failing.” IV Kellogg Video Essay Tips on Lighting, Clothing Location Selection. You can use a couple of floor lights and perhaps a clamp or desk light to vocab for essays, achieve this lighting set-up. You’ll need two key lights and for event coordinator one fill light. The key lights are placed about 2-3 feet away from spanish, you at about a 35 degree angle from cover letter coordinator with, your nose. The key lights help eliminate any shadows (they literally fill in every crevice in your face from vocab, both the left and the right). The fill light should be placed behind you, angled towards the top of your head.

The fill light helps to differentiate the top of your head and shoulders from the bmat section, background. Without it people look more two-dimensional on film. Vocab For Essays! I use 100 watt equivalent florescent bulbs and Rosco Tough White #3026 diffusion paper $6/sheet ( you can purchase it at BH by clicking here ). Cover Letter Position With! That said, the diffusion paper is more for shooting high def video with a high quality camera (it might not make any difference if you’re just filming with a webcam). Kellogg Video Essay: Background Location. Whatever background or location you choose, I’d advise you to stay away from windows altogether because it can cause overexposure and other lighting problems.

Notice how the right side of vocab for essays this person’s face is lit up and the left side is in shadow? That’s because of the window behind him. If you decide to history introductions, film at spanish home or in the office, look for a small space without a lot going on in the background. The first two slides in the presentation below illustrate what you don’t want – a wide angle view of the entire office. Look for a corner or small space with a limited amount wall hangings and other decorations in view. I recently saw this video which was created by a student applying to essay, NYU Stern . The picture is from the video. Vocab! The living room is too ‘busy’ with flowers, furniture, lots of bmat section 3 essays pictures and spanish for essays stenciling on the wall. The shot is from too far away – ideally you want just your head and shoulders visible. Finally the candidate’s shirt looks disheveled – I feel like he just ate a turkey dinner and had to undo a few buttons :/ I’d highly suggest buying a roll of Savage Seamless Background Paper for $10 here . Good History Introductions! You’re going to need 53? x 12 yards (no more and vocab no less).

Personally I use Thunder Gray for history my videos but you can buy whatever color you like. Keep in mind that red, yellow and orange might cause you to vocab for essays, look sort of red, yellow or orange yourself. Letter Position With! If you want to play it safe go for vocab any shade of gray, blue, purple or beige. Below you’ll find examples of some of the colors Savage offers. If you want to achieve the history essay questions, effect on the left hand side, you’ll need a light behind your chair pointing at the paper which will create a gradient effect and spanish also remove the shadow your head casts on the paper. So you’ll have to add a fourth light to your three-point lighting set-up or a second light to your ring light set-up.

The right hand version is done with just lighting pointed at the subject and creates a much flatter background effect. Either is fine. In general you want to avoid black and critical white because they are such saturated colors they tend to vocab for essays, dominate a scene. Essay On Poverty! If you’re using a color background then you want to vocab, wear neutral colors (gray, beige). If you are using a gray, white, black or beige background then you can wear a color that looks good on you. The idea is to have one focal color in the shot (either the background or your top/shirt). Ideally just your head and shoulders should be visible in the shot so both men and women are going to want to for university of michigan, choose a shirt or top that pretty much comes all the way up to your neck or collar bone. The video essay is supposed to assess how well you’ll fit in the Kellogg community – so think about what you might wear to class at Kellogg….probably something nice but casual right?

You don’t want to look like Donald Trump in your video – you want to look smart, friendly and laid back. Guys : Wear a solid-colored, rounded-neck, t-shirt or wear a solid-colored button down shirt (light gray looks good on vocab for essays everyone). While a t-shirt might seem too casual to essay, wear to an interview, on camera it will look clean and the solid material will make you pop. I’d ditch the suit jacket and spanish for essays tie because honestly there won’t be enough of it in the shot and it’s just going to add yet another color to the mix. Ladies : Here are some things to avoid based on my own trials and errors filming professional videos. Wearing a scoop or deep v-neck tends to give viewers the impression that something is missing (i.e. you’ll look strangely naked) when the shot is essay for university of michigan only of your head and shoulders. Thin and flimsy materials don’t look great on spanish vocab for essays camera so avoid silk, polyester and anything that lacks shape or clings to your body. I’d avoid wearing a suit jacket because honestly there won’t be enough of it in a head and shoulders shot and it’s just going to 3 essays, add yet another color to the mix. What will look great is anything with a high, rounded neckline – one that comes up to your collarbone or neck. You’ll look great in for essays a rounded-neck, solid colored t-shirt. While that might seem too casual to good introductions, wear to an interview, on camera it will look clean and the solid material will make you pop.

Cashmere is another material that always looks good on video because it’s a thick and spanish for essays has a matte finish. A solid-colored button down shirt would also be a good choice. Would I recommend Leah? Oh yes, without a doubt. She truly helped me in bmat 3 essays ways I could not imagine, and I am so excited to be going to business school this fall. Leah's creativity is unmatched which is exemplified with the stupendous work she did on my Chicago Booth Essays.

Her work ethic and willingness to spend as much as time it takes to get the right answer is incredible. Spanish For Essays! I finally had multiple offers from top schools (Kellogg, LBS, Booth) while I was waitlisted at HBS.